Nutrition quiz 2 final review chapters 6-10

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Which of the following is not an essential amino acid in nutrition?

Proline

Which of the following defines protein turnover?

The sum of protein synthesis and degradation

A person who is starving is losing:

Glycogen, protein, and fat

Which of the following is regulated primarily by the buffeting action of proteins?

pH balance

What digestive enzyme would be most affected in people who are unable to produce hydrochloric acid?

Pepsin

Alberta is a 20 year old vegetarian. "vegetarians are at risk for protein deficiency because they cannot consume all of the essential amino acids necessary for healthy individuals." you advise her:

Although many foods don't provi all the essential amino acids individually, she could consume complementary proteins throughout the day which would provide all the essential amino acids she needs.

Which of the following is a feature of whey protein?

It is a waste product of cheese production.

All of the following are functions of the liver EXCEPT:

Production of red blood cells

Which of the following defines a coenzyme?

An organic molecule required for the functioning of an enzyme.

Fruity odor in breath

Lilie has lost wright on a low carb diet. Her doctor says she has ketosis through urine sample. What is another symptom of ketosis?

Which of the following cannot be used to make body proteins?

Glucose

Chronic excess alcohol intake leads to all of the following effects on folate except:

The small intestine recycles more folate

What would be the weight gain of a person who consumes an ex ewes of 500 calories daily for one month?

4 pounds

Which of the following Is most responsible for signaling satiety as well as reducing food intake during a meal?

Cholecystokinin

Basal metabolic rate

You plan a diet for a patient who cannot participate in physical activity because he is bedridden and has broken legs. Which would best assess the patient's energy expenditure?

Abdomen

In what region of the body is the storage of excess body fat associated with the highest risk for cardiovascular disease and diabetes?

All of the following are an association between type 2 diabetes and body fat except:

Overweight people with the disease who lose weight show no improvement in glucose tolerance and insulin resistance.

Tom was overweight when he was 13. He continued to gain weight until 23 when he decided to lose weight. Tom lost 50 pounds. What happened to Tom's fat cells?

They shrank in size but did not decrease in number.

Which of the following describes a relationship between lepton and energy balance?

Blood levels of lepton usually correlate directly with body fat.

What is the best approach to weight loss?

Reduce daily energy intake and increase energy expenditure.

All of the following are meal-planning strategy for underweight people who desire to gain weight except:

they should refrain from between-meal snacking, especially energy drinks.

What is meant by bioavailability of a vitamin in food?

The amount absorbed and subsequently used by the body.

When thiamin is consumed in excess of needs, how does the body treat the excess?

Excreted primarily in the urine.

Which of the following provides the most thiamin per serving size?

Ham

People with the condition known as iron overload may be adversely affected from taking supplements of:

Ascorbic acid

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