Pathology II- Ex 3 diseases of the digestive and lymphatic system

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INCLUDES COMP QUESIONS

gingivitis

inflammation and infection of the gums due to the long-term effects of plaque

pharyngitis

inflammation of the pharynx, results in a sore throat

esophagitis

inflammation of the esophagus, caused by gastroesophageal reflux

gastritis

inflammation of the stomach lining

entertitis

inflammation of the intestine caused by microoorganisms

colitis

inflammation of the large intestine

appendicitis

inflammation of the appendix, can be potentially fatal

hemorrhiods

piles, inflamed veins around the anus or lower rectum

hepatitis

inflammation of the liver

cirrhosis

chronic, dengenerative disorder of the liver

cholecystitis

inflammation of the gall bladder

cholelithiasis

formation of gallstones and an inflammatory disorder of the gallbladder

calculi

gallstones

cholangitis

inflammation of the bile duct

pancreatitis

inflammatory process resulting in autolysis of the pancreas, that is the pancreas is digested by its own enzymes

peritonitis

inflammation of the peritoneum, the membrane that lines the walls of the abdomen and covers the abdominal organs

diverticulitis

inflammation of the diverticula, small sacs in the wall of the colon

inflammatory/degenerative

gingivitis; pharyngitis; esphagitis; gastritis; entertitis; colitis; appendicitis; hemorrhoids; hepatitis; cirrhosis; cholecystitis; cholelithiasis; cholangitis; pancreatitis; peritonitis; diverticulitis

genetic/ developmental

pyloric stenosis; hernia

hyperplasia; neoplasia

polyp(s); colon/rectal carcinoma

obstruction

stenosis; volvulus; intussusception; adhesions

pyloric stenosis

accumulation of scar tissue in the pyloric region on the stomach which narrows the opening through which the food passes into the small intestines

hernia

abnormal protrusion of part of an organ through an abnormal opening in the wall that normally contains it

polyp

benign tumors of vascular organs with pedicle (to supply blood)

colon/rectal carcinoma

if begins in colon or rectum, when it affects either of these portions of the large intestine called colorectal cancer

stenosis

scar tissue formation that narrows the opening

volvulus

intestines twists on itself (can cause obstruction, gangrene, peritonitis)

intussusception

one part of the intestines slips into a previous segment

adhesion

a fubrous band holding parts together that are normally separated, occurs as part of the healing process after injury

stomatitis

inflammation of the mouth and may result from such things as trauma, chemical irritation, burns, tobacco, etch

stomatitis

appthous stomatitis; thrush

apthous stomatitis

forms at the base of the gums, lips, and cheeks, commonly referred to as a "chanker sore":

thursh

monillasis

thrush

infection of the mouth caused by candida albicans

glossitis

inflammation of the tongue

tonsillitis

inflammation of the tonsils, caused to streptococcus organisms

peptic ulcer

occurs in the stomach and duodenum, eroded tissue may perforate, causing hemorrhage, may lead to pyloric stenosis

proctitis

inflammation of the rectum

diverticulosis

pouch-like structures, whihc protrude into the walls of the intestines

hernia

abdominal; inguinal; umbilical; hiatal

adominal

type of hernia where the abdominal wall splits from weakness

inguinal

type of hernia that occurs in the groin area

umbilical

type of hernia that affects ususally infants, due to imperfect closure of the abdominal wall

hiatal

type of hernia where stomach goes through the diaphragm at the espohageal sphincter, the main danger with this hernia is the fact that the blodd supply to the intestines may be pinched off, resulting in necrosis and gangrene.

hepititis

types A, B, or C

type A

infectious hepititis

type B

serum hepititis

type C

non A/non B

cirrhosis

hardening of the liver, hepatic cells turn into scares, often associated with chronic alcoholism, could also result from drugs or toxins

cirrhosis

jaundice
ascites
edema
conditions considered to be complications, related to:

edema

fluid built up anywhere in the body, aka anasarca

jaundice

increased bilirubin (bile pigment) building up in the tissues

ascites

fluid or edema in the periotneum (abdominal cavity)

postmortem conditions (digestive)

ascities, dehydration, emaciation, rapid decomposition, rapid coagulation of blood, jaundice, edema; hemorrhage; purge; distention

lymphatic system

comprised of vessles similar to the blood system

one

how many directions does the lyphatic fluid flow in?

body

lymph tissues are present throughout the:

tonsillitis

inflammation of the tonsils caused by an infection; can be contagious, spread through direct contact with throat or nasal fluids, previously treated by removal of tonsils, now treated with antibiotics

lymphangitis

inflammatory disorder of the lymph vessels, characterised by local and systemic pain, commonly results from bacterial infection of the skin

splenomegaly

enlargement of the spleen beyond its normal size, rupture is possible

lyphadenopathy

enlargement of the lymph nodes caused by proliferation of lymphocytes and leukocytes within the nodes or presence of a tumor in the node

lymphoma (Hodgkin's)

canger of the lympathic system contianing Reed Sternburg cells, malignant nonfunctional form of B lymphocytes, B cells should produce antibodies that guide the immune system in defense of invaiding bacteria.

lymphoma (non-hodgkin's)

collection of many varied lymphomas; no Reed- Sternburg cells

postmortem conditions (lymphatic)

edema, emaciation, dehydration, metastasis

gastritis

inflammation of the stomach is called:

stenosis

the narrowing of the esophagus is called

hepatitis

inflammation of the liver is called:

choleliths

caculi that form within the kidney are called:

pancreatitis

inflammation of the pancreas is called:

peritonitis

inflammation of the lining of the abdomen is called:

stomatitis

imflammation of the mouth is called:

glossitis

inflammation of the tounge is called:

proctitis

inflammation of the rectum is called:

gingivitis

inflammation of the gums is called:

hemorrhoids

variscosity of the veins around the rectum is a condition known as:

enteritis

inflammation of the small intestine is called:

colitis

inflammation of the large intestine is called:

cirrhoisis

the following are postmortem conditions of what disease?
jaundice
ascities
edema

cholecystitis

inflammation of the gall bladder is called:

volvulus

a twisting of a segment of intestine is konwn as:

colitis

a disease that may be attributed to nervous tension is:

cholelithiasis

the formation of calculi in the gall bladder is called:

small intestine

enteritis is associated with which of the following:

cirrhosis

the name for the chronic end-stage of liver disease whereing the functional cells of the liver are replaced by a lower form of cells is

jaundice

excess bilirubin in teh blood

polyp

a benign stalked growth commonly found on the mucous membranes is

digestive system

appendicitis is a disease of the

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