the study of bone
What is osteology?
osteoblasts, osteocytes, osteoclasts
What are the 3 primary cell types of bone?
collagen type I
**What is the principle type of protein fiber in the bone?
it has the ability to heal, to remodel under stressors and to age
What are the 3 responses of bone which allow it to be described as "living"?
What is the name given to the pattern of ossification in mesenchyme?
the frontal, parietal, squama of the temporal & occipital bones and greater wing of the sphenoid
**Which bones of the neurocranium are formed by intramembranous ossification?
What is the name given to the pattern of ossification in cartilage?
**Which part of the skull is derived from endochondral ossification?
What bone of the appendicular skeleton is formed by both endochondral and intramembranous ossification?
gender variation (sexual dimorphism), ontogenetic variation (growth or age variation), geographic or population-based variation (ethnic variation) and idiosyncratic variation (individual variation)
**What are the primary sources of variation observed in bone?
heterotopic and accessory bone
**What are the classifications given to abnormal bone stressed in spinal II?
**What is the name given to the bone formed in a non-bone location?
humerus, ulna, radius, femur, tibia and fibula
**What are examples of long bones?
most of the bones of the carpus and tarsus
What are examples of short bones?
the parietal bone and sternum
**What are examples of flat bones?
the vertebrae and innominate bone
**What are examples of irregular bones?
frontal, ethmoid, maxilla, sphenoid & temporal
What are examples of pneumatic bone?
patella and pisiform
What are consistent examples of sesamoid bones?
para-articular processes( ligamentum flavum) and bony spurs of vertebrae
**What are examples of accessory bone?
calcific deposits in the pineal gland, heart and ligaments
**What are examples of heterotopic bone?