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Memory

The persistence of learning over time most clearly depends on:

Memory

Storage is to encoding as ________ is to ________

Retention; Acquisition

The process of getting information out of memory is called:

retrieval.

Automatic processing and effortful processing involve two types of

encoding.

The effortful processing of information:

can become automatic through practice.

Priming is to retrieval as rehearsal is to:

encoding.

Semantic encoding refers to the processing of:

meanings.

Children can better remember an ancient Latin verse if the definition of each unfamiliar Latin word is carefully explained to them. This best illustrates the value of:

semantic encoding.

Chunking refers to:

the organization of information into meaningful units.

A momentary sensory memory of visual stimuli is called ________ memory.

iconic

Peterson and Peterson demonstrated that unrehearsed short-term memories for three consonants almost completely decay in as short a time as:

12 seconds.

Long-term potentiation is a(n):

neural basis for learning and memory.

A flashbulb memory would typically be stored in ________ memory.

long-term.

The hippocampus plays a critical role in ________ memory.

explicit

Cerebellum is to ________ memory as hippocampus is to ________ memory.

implicit; explicit

When an eyewitness to an auto accident is asked to describe what happened, which test of memory is being used?

recall

While in a context similar to one you've been in before, you see a stranger who looks and walks like one of your friends. These circumstances are likely to trigger the experience of:

déjà vu.

After his last drinking spree, Fakim hid a half-empty liquor bottle. He couldn't remember where he hid it until he started drinking again. Fakim's pattern of recall best illustrates

state-dependent memory.

After learning the combination for his new locker at school, Milton is unable to remember the combination for his year-old bicycle lock. Milton is experiencing the effects of:

retroactive interference.

A type of motivated forgetting in which anxiety-arousing memories are blocked from conscious awareness is known as:

repression.

Among contemporary memory researchers, increasing numbers think that ______ rarely, if ever, occurs.

repression

The misinformation effect best illustrates the dynamics of:

memory construction.

Which of the following techniques used by professional therapists are highly likely to promote the construction of false memories?

hypnosis, drug-induced recall, imagination-enhancing exercises, (ALL OF THE ABOVE)

Memory experts who express skepticism regarding reports of repressed and recovered memories are most likely to emphasize that:

extremely stressful life experiences are especially likely to be well remembered.

Forming many associations between new course material and what you already know is an effective way to build a network of:

retrieval cues.

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