Chapter 11

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The basic components of emotion are:

expressive behaviors, physiological arousal, and conscious experience.

The James-Lange theory of emotion states that:

to experience emotion is to be aware of one's physiological responses to an emotion-arousing event.

According to the James-Lange theory, we experience emotion ________ we notice our physiological arousal. According to the Cannon-Bard theory we experience emotion ________ we become physiologically aroused.

after; at the same time as

Research has shown that neck-level spinal cord injuries reduce the intensity of certain emotional experiences. This finding supports the:

James-Lange theory.

The two-factor theory of emotion places more emphasis on the importance of ________ than does the James-Lange theory.

cognitive activity

According to the two-factor theory, the two basic components of emotions are ________ and ________.

a cognitive label; physical arousal

Noticing that his heart was pounding and that his palms were sweaty while he was taking a difficult test, Harley concluded that he was "anxious." Noticing that his heart was pounding and that his palms were sweaty when an attractive lady asked him to dance, Harley concluded that he was "falling in love." The differing emotions experienced by Harley can best be explained by the:

two-factor theory.

As her professor distributed the mathematics test to the class, Blair's heart started to pound and her palms began to sweat. These physiological reactions were activated by her ________ nervous system.

sympathetic

Test performance is typically ________ when physiological arousal is ________.

best; moderate

A polygraph examination of a suspected murderer included an assessment of his reaction to a detailed description of the victim's clothing and death wounds-details that would be known only to a person at the scene of the crime. The investigators were using the:

guilty knowledge test.

Rapid fear reactions to sensory input in the absence of conscious thought are possible because certain neural pathways bypass the:

prefrontal cortex.

In terms of ability to recognize others' facial expressions of emotion:

introverts do better than extraverts and women do better than men.

Research on nonverbal communication indicates that

blind children who have never observed others demonstrate normal facial expressions of emotion.

A friend's misdeed is especially likely to trigger feelings of anger if the misdeed is perceived as:

willful.

The term catharsis refers to emotional:

release.

Jed wants his roommate Dante to help him study for a physics test. Dante is most likely to want to help after he has:

received an "A" on his psychology test.

Subjective well-being among university and college students is ________ with the extent to which love is valued and ________ with the extent to which money is valued.

positively correlated; negatively correlated

The text defines stress as:

the process by which we appraise and cope with environmental threats and challenges.

The general adaptation syndrome describes stages in the:

body's response to prolonged stress.

In their classic nine-year study, Friedman and Rosenman reported that, compared to Type A men, Type B men were:

less susceptible to heart attacks.

Stress is most likely to speed the progression from HIV to AIDS by:

inhibiting the production of lymphocytes.

Attempting to alleviate stress directly by changing the stressor is known as:

problem-focused coping.

Aerobic exercise has been most closely linked to a decrease in:

depression.

Whether a health care treatment is mainstream medicine or an alternative medicine depends on whether the treatment has been:

scientifically validated as effective.

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