Biology 1: General Science Terms

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Scientific method, experimental design and other general science topics

hypothesis

a proposal intended to explain certain facts or observations

scientific method

a method of investigation involving observation and theory to test scientific hypotheses

control

a standard against which other conditions can be compared in a scientific experiment

independent variable

Factor in an experiment that researchers manipulate so that they can determine its effect

dependent variable

the variable that is measured in an experiment

conclusion

a summary of the results of the experiment and a statement of how the results relate to the hypothesis

data

a collection of facts from which conclusions may be drawn, recorded observations

prediction

a statement made in advance that expresses the results that will be obtained from testing a hypothesis if the hypothesis is supported; the expected outcome if a hypothesis is accurate

theory

well-tested explanation that unifies a broad range of observations

bio-

related to life

-ology

study of

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