Body Cavities and Planes

27 terms by drcroes 

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dorsal

Cavity located in the back part of the body; two subdivisions are cranial and vertebral (spinal)

ventral

Cavity located in the front part of the body; two subdivisions are thoracic and abdominopelvic

thoracic

Chest cavity that includes left and right pleural cavities, pericardial cavity, and a midportion called the mediastinum (not a cavity)

pleural

Cavity located in the left and right sides of the thoracic cavity; contain the lungs

mediastinum

Middle portion of the thoracic (chest) cavity that contains the heart, trachea, esophagus, thymus, and several blood vessels.

abdominopelvic

Cavity that is subdivided into abdominal and pelvic cavities

spinal

Cavity that is part of the dorsal cavity containing the spinal cord

parietal

The wall of a body cavity or lining (serous) membrane that covers its surface

visceral

The wall or lining (serous) membrane of an organ within a cavity

axial region

Term used to describe the area that consists of the heart, neck, and torso or trunk

appendicular region

Term used to describe the area that consists of the extremities and their connections to the axial region

extremities

What the layman calls "legs" and "arms"

pleura

Serous membrane associated with the lungs

pericardium

Serous membrane associated with the heart

peritoneum

Serous membrane associated with the abdominal cavity

sagittal

Vertical plane that divides the body or organ into right and left sides

midsagittal

Vertical plane that divides the body into equal left and right sides

parasagittal

Sagittal plane that does not pass through the midline but instead divides the body into unequal right and left sides

frontal

Plane that divides the body or organ into anterior and posterior portions. Also called coronal

transverse

Plane that divides the body or an organ into upper and lower portions. Also called a cross-sectional plane

oblique

Plane that passes through the body or organ at an angle other than 90 degrees

visceral pleura

Serous membrane that lines the surface of the lungs

visceral peritoneum

Serous membrane that lines the surface of the liver, stomach, spleen, and many other abdominal organs

visceral pericardium

Serous membrane that lines the surface of the heart (also called the epicardium)

parietal pleura

Serous membrane the lines the chest wall around the lungs and covers the superior surface of the diaphragm

parietal peritoneum

Serous membrane that lines the abdominal wall and covers the inferior surface of the diaphragm

retroperitoneal

Term used to describe organs that are located between the parietal peritoneum and posterior abdominal wall. Example organs include the kidneys, adrenal glands, pancreas, duodenum of small intestine, ascending and descending colons and the abdominal aorta and inferior vena cava

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