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Based on its word parts, the term cardiorrhexis means

rupture of the heart

Which combining form means fever?

pyr/o

Which term means the tissue death of an artery or arteries?

arterionecrosis

Which suffix means a specialist?

-ologist

In the term pericardioectomy, the word part -ectomy is a

suffix

Which term describes an examination technique involving the hands?

palpation

Which suffix means to suture or stitch?

-rrhaphy

In the term otorhinolaryngology, which word part means ear?

ot/o

Which term describes a torn, ragged wound?

laceration

Which combining form means plaque or fatty substance?

ather/o

Based on its word parts, the term hepatorrhagia means

bleeding of the liver

Which suffix means a surgical opening of an artificial wound?

-ostomy

Which term describes the time and events surround birth?

perinatal

Which is the correct spelling of the term meaning the surgical removal of the appendix?

appendectomy

Which term means the rupture of a muscle?

myorrhexis

Which combining form means white?

leuk/o

Which term means inflammation of a nerve?

neuritis

A fever that can be measured by the patient or others is a

sign

Which term describes part of the hipbone?

ilium

Which term means pain in the stomach?

gastralgia

Which term means any pathologic change or disease in the spinal cord or bone marrow?

myelopathy

Which combining form means fungus?

myc/o

Which combining form means nerves?

neur/o

Which prefix means between or among?

inter-

Which condition is a benign tumor formed from glandular tissue?

adenoma

Which term means the study, structure, and composition of tissues?

histology

Which type of tissue has the specialized ability to contract and relax?

muscle tissue

Which term means towards the side?

lateral

Which term means the opposite of anterior?

posterior

A hospital acquired infection is a

nosocomial infection

Which body cavity protects the organs of reproduction?

pelvic

Which type of disorder has no detectable physical changes to explain the symptoms being experienced by the patient?

functional

A portion of the body that is located above the transverse plane is said to be

superior

Which plane divides the body into equal left and right parts?

midsagittal plane

Which of these diseases is not spread by blood-borne transmission? (STD, HIV, Hepatitis B, Tuberculosis)

tuberculosis

What is a characteristic of anatomic position?

standing up straight so the body is erect

Which term refers to an outbreak of a disease occurring over a large geographic area, possibly worldwide?

pandemic

What is the correct spelling of the term that means maintaining a constant internal environment?

homeostasis

Which condition is the abnormal development of tissue cells and cells?

dysplasia

True or False: When a recessive gene is inherited from both parents, the offspring will have that condition.

True

Which hereditary disorder causes the irreversible and progressive loss of muscle control and mental ability?

Huntington's

A genome is

the entire set of genes received from both parents

Which term means the lower part of the body?

caudal

Which of these structures is not a source of stem cells? (cord blood, gametes, adult bone marrow, newly formed embryo)

gametes

Which term means the direction toward or nearer the midline?

medial

Which body regions are located on the side and covered by the lower ribs?

left and right hypochondriac

Which term means the study of the functions of the structures of the body?

physiology

The coronal plane is also known as the

frontal plane

Which of the following is a congenital disorder? (cystic fibrosis, fetal alcohol syndrome, sickle-cell anemia, down syndrome)

fetal alcohol syndrome

A fracture in which a bone is splintered or crushed is a/an

comminuted fracture

Which bone is also known as the kneecap?

patella

Which bone is also known as the shoulder blade?

scapula

Which bone tissue functions as a fat storage area?

yellow bone marrow

Which bone tissue is a hemopoietic?

red bone marrow

Which condition is a congenital defect in which the spinal canal fails to close the spinal cord?

spina bifida

Which condition is also known as adult rickets?

osteomalacia

Which condition is characterized by extensive bone destruction followed by abnormal bone repair?

Paget's disease

Which condition is commonly known as a bunion?

hallux valgus

Which diagnostic technique is used to detect cancer and osteomyelitis?

bone scan

Which form of arthritis is associated with the formation of uric acid crystals in the joint?

gouty arthritis

Which of the following is a definitive test for osteoporosis?

dual x-ray absorptiometry

Which of the following is an arthroscopic treatment of the shoulder?

thermal capsulorrhaphy

Which of these medications is not a NSAID? (naxprofen, ibuprofen, acetominophen, aspirin)

acetominophen

Which procedure is the attempted realignment of the bone involved in the fracture or joint dislocation?

manipulation

Which procedure is the surgical loosening of an ankylosed joint?

arthrolysis

Which procedure is the surgical repair of cartilage?

chondroplasty

Which procedure is the suturing or wiring together of bones?

osteorrhaphy

Which term describes an abnormal increase in the outward curvature of the thoracic spine as viewed from the side?

kyphosis

Which term describes the inflammation of bone and bone marrow?

osteomyelitis

Which term describes the opening in a bone through which blood vessels, nerves, and ligaments pass?

foramen

Which term describes the partial dislocation of a bone from its joint?

subluxation

Which term describes the surgical repair or replacement of a damaged joint?

arthroplasty

Which term identifies the upper portion of the sternum?

manubrium

Which type of transplant uses the patient's own bone marrow?

autologous bone marrow transplant

Which condition is a weakness or slight paralysis of a muscle?

myoparesis

Which condition is also known as wryneck?

spasmodic torticollis

Which condition is the total paralysis of one side of the body?

hemiplegia

Which diagnostic test records the strength of muscle contractions?

electromyography

Which motion turns the palm of the hand downward or backward?

pronation

Which muscle is formed from three divisions?

triceps

Which procedure is the surgical division of a tendon for relief of a deformity?

tenotomy

Which procedure is the surgical repair of a fascia?

fascioplasty

Which term describes an abnormal condition of muscle tone?

dystonia

Which term describes the inflammation of a skeletal muscle?

myositis

Which term describes symptoms that occur when when the median nerve is compressed as it passes through the narrow area in the wrist?

carpal tunnel syndrome

Which term describes the act of raising the ribs when breathing in?

elevation

Which term describes the permanent tightening of fascia, muscles, tendons, ligaments, or skin that occurs when normally elastic connective tissues are replaced with nonelastic fibrous tissue?

contracture

Which term describes the place where a muscle begins?

origin

Which term describes the protrusion of a muscle through its ruptured sheath?

myocele

Which term means abnormally decreased motor function or activity?

hypokinesia

Which term means delayed relaxation of a muscle after strong contraction?

myotonia

Which term means the study of human factors that affect the design and operation of tools and the work environment?

ergonomics

Which term means to bend a limb at the joint?

flexion

Which term means to bend to foot upward at the ankle?

dorsiflexion

Which term means to move away from the midline?

abduction

Which term means to suture the ends of a tendon to a bone?

tenodesis

Which term means weakness and wasting away caused by disuse of the muscle over a long period of time?

atrophy

Which type of muscle is slanted outward, away from the midline?

oblique

Which type of muscle tissue forms the muscular wall of the heart?

myocardial

Which structures are microscopic blood vessels that are only one cell in thickness?

capillaries

Which specialist treats diseases and disorders of the blood and blood-forming tissues?

hematologist

Which condition is hypertension of unknown cause?

idiopathic hypertension

A/An __________, which is designed for use by nonprofessionals, externally shocks the heart to restore a normal cardiac rhythm.

automated external defibrillator

Which condition is an abnormally slow heartbeat?

bradycardia

Which term describes the highest pressure against the walls of blood vessels?

systolic pressure

Which diagnostic procedure requires the patient to wear a portable electrocardiograph for 24 hours?

Holter monitor test

Which condition is an irregular quivering of the atria?

atrial fibrillation

Which condition sometimes forms in the legs of a patient who is bedridden?

deep vein thrombosis

Which type of white blood cells fight infection by phagocytosis?

neutrophils

Which medication controls irregularities of the heartbeat?

antiarrythmic

Which term describes a localized, balloon-like enlargement of the wall of an artery?

aneurysm

Which condition is usually fatal unless reversed by electric defibrillation?

ventricular fibrillation

Which type of medicine is administered to reduce cholesterol?

statins

Which medical condition is commonly known as a heart attack?

myocardial infarction

Which procedures opens a blocked artery without actually removing the plaque?

balloon angioplasty

Which are the smallest formed elements of the blood?

thrombocytes

Which condition is a syndrome in which the heart is unable to pump enough blood to meet the body's need for oxygen and nutrients

congestive heart failure

Which term describes a foreign object, such as a blood clot, circulating in the blood?

embolysm

Which condition is also known as blood poisoning?

septicemia

Which characteristic describes the blood carried by the pulmonary arteries?

carbon dioxide rich blood

Which condition is also known as preleukemia?

myelodysplastic syndrome

Which substance transports oxygen from the lungs to all body tissues?

hemoglobin

A tissue plasminogen activator administered to

dissolve blood clots

Which condition is a blood disorder in which red blood cells are larger than normal?

megaloblastic anemia

At which stage of breast cancer is the cancer no larger than 2 centimeters but has spread to the axillary lymph nodes?

stage 2

Infectious mononucleosis is a type of

viral infection

The majority of breast cancers are

infilitrating ductal carcinomas

Which blood test is used to confirm an HIV diagnosis?

Western blot

Which condition is a benign tumor made up of abnormal lymphatic vessels?

lymphangioma

Which condition is a malignant tumor derived from muscle tissue?

myosarcoma

Which condition occurs when one or more parts of the immune system are missing or not functioning properly?

immunodeficiency disorder

Which disorder is a malignant neoplasm of connective tissues?

sarcoma

Which form of bacteria causes Rocky Mountain spotted fever?

rickettsia

Which immune system components contribute to the immune defense by coordinating immune defenses and by killing infected cells on contact?

T cells

What is the correct spelling of the term meaning an enlargement of the spleen?

splenomegaly

Which autoimmune disorder attack the digestive system?

Crohn's disease

Which infection is caused by a fungus?

aspergillosis

Which type of tissue is not affected by sarcomas?

glandular

Which viral disease is commonly known as chickenpox?

varicella

Which organ or structure has a hemolytic function?

spleen

True or False: Hodgkin's disease is distinguished by the presence of Reed-Sternburg Cells

True

Which term describes complex proteins that normally circulate in the blood in an inactive form but are activated by contact with an antigen?

complement

Which term describes the process by which cancer spreads from the primary site to a secondary site?

metastasize

Which term is applied to malignancies that develop in the lymphatic system?

lymphoma

Which term means not life-threatening and does not recur?

benign

Which tonsils are known as the adenoids?

nasopharyngeal

Which treatment cuts off the blood supply to a tumor?

antiangiogenesis

Which type of bacteria forms chains?

streptococci

Which type of medication causes the death of bacteria?

bactericide

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