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Vocabulary for Cicero's Tusculan Disputations for Latin 051 at the University of Vermont.

quis, quid

Interogative pronoun - who? what?

hic, haec, hoc

Demonstrative pronoun - this

magnus, a, um

comparative, maior - superlative, maximus - great

animus, i

m. the rational soul

aequitas, atis

f. uniformity, evenness - the quality of being aequus

mors, tis

f. death

laudo

-are, - avi, - atum - to praise

ipse, ipsa, ipsum

Demonstrative pronoun - self

malus, a, um

comparative, peior - superlative, pessimus - bad

iudico

-are, -avi, -atum - to examine, judge, decide

vado

-ere, vasi, vasum - to go, walk, rush

enim

conj. for, for instance, namely, in fact

idem, eadem, idem

Demonstrative pronoun - same

paucus, a, um

few, little (the sing. is rare)

post

adv. behind, back, afterwards, after

annus, i

m. year

scyphus, i

m. cup, goblet

scelus, eris

n. crime, sin

iudex, icis

f. judge

quo

adv. where, to which place, whither

tyrannus, i

m. ruler, despot, monarch

igitur

conj. then, thereupon, consequently

is, ea, id

Demonstrative pronoun - this or that (already mentioned)

oratio, onis

f. speech, discourse, faculty of language

qui, quae, quod

Relative pronoun - who, which

facio

facere, feci, factum - make, produce, do

utor

-i, usum - dep. - to use, enjoy +ablative

apud

prep. + acc. - with, at, by, near, among

multo

-are, -avi, - atum - punish, sentence to pay

spes, spei

f. hope

teneo

-ere, -tenui - to have, hold, grasp

evenio

-ire, eveni, eventum - come to pass, happen, befall

mitto

-ere, misi, missum - to send, dispach

necesse

adj. only nom. and acc. sing. with esse or habere - inevitable, necessary

alter

adj.- altera, alterum (gen. -ius) - one, the other (of two)

aut...aut

conj. either...or

sensus, us

m. a perceiving, observation

omnino

adv. - altogether, wholly, utterly

omnis, e

adj. - all, every

aufero

auferre, abstuli, ablatum (ab+fero) - to take away, remove

alius, alia, aliud

adj. (gen. -ius) - another, other

quidam, quaedam, quodam

indef. pronoun - a certain one or thing, somenody

locus, i

m. a place. spot

migro

-are, -avi, -atum - remove, depart, migrate

quam ob rem

interrogative - why? for what reason?

sive or seu

conj. - or if - as in if...or if

extinguo (exstinguo)

-ere, -nxi, -nctum - to put out, quench

somnus, i

m. sleep

similis, e

comp. similior, sup. simillimis - like, resembling, similar

numquam

adv. at no time, never

sin

conj. (si+ne) but if, if however

sine

prep. + abl. without

visum, i

n. a thing seen, sight, appearance

visus, us

m. act of seeing, faculty of sight. a looking

somnium, i

n. a dream

somnus, i

m. sleep

somnio

-are, -avi, -atum - to dream

placatus, a, um

smooth, quiet, gentle

quietus, a, um

at rest, inactive, quiet

quies, etis

f. rest, repose, quiet

adfero

adferre, attuli, adlatum (sometimes aff-) - to bring, carry, apply

lucrum, i

n. gain, profit, advantage

emorior

-i dep. to die, die off

quam

adv. how, how much, to what degree

dies, diei

m. (sometimes f.) day

reperio

-ire, repperi, repertum - find, find out, discover

possum

posse, potui - to be able, have power, can

talis, e

adj. such, of such a kind

qualis, e

adj. of what kind, what sort

antepono

-ere, posui, positum - to set before, to prefer

perpetuitas, atis

f. uninterrupted duration, continuity

beatus, a, um

happy, blessed

tempus, oris

n. time

verum, i

n. truth, reality, fact

dico

-ere, dixi, dictum - to say, speak, declare

migratio, onis

f. removal, change, migration

ora, ae

f. border, margin, coast, shore

vita, ae

f. life

excedo

-ere, excessi, excessum - to go out, depart, leave

incolo

-ere, incolui - to inhabit, dwell

cum

prep. + abl. with

numerus, i

m. a number

volo

velle, volui - to want, wish

evado

-ere, evasi, evasum - to come out, go forth, escape, evade

venio

-ire, veni, ventum - to come, arrive

appello

-are, -avi, -atum - to call, address, speak to

vivo

-ere, vixi - to live

fides

(gen. rare) trust, faith

peregrinatio, onis

f. a sojourn abroad, traveling

mediocris, e

adj. medium, moderate, ordinary

vero

adv. in truth, certainly

conloquor

-i, -conlocutum - to talk, converse

licet

-ere, -licuit and licitum est - it is allowed

tandem

adv. at length, finally

aestimo

-are, -avi, -atum - to estimate, value, rate

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