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Digestive Tract

Alimentary Canal

Tounge

Muscular Organ

Parotid Gland

Largest of the salivary glands, located anterior to the ear

Submandibular Glands

On each side of the jaw bone

Sublingual Glands

under the tounge

Stomach

J-shaped bag

Stomach Sphincters

Esophageal (cardiac), Pyloric

Stomach Cells

Mucous, parietal, chief, endocrine

Duodenum

First portion of the small intestine

Jejunum

Second portion of the small intestine

Ileum

third portion of the small intestine

Cecum

First two to three inches of the large intestine

Appendix

Function unknown

Colon

Ascending, transverse, descending, sigmoid

Rectum

controls the defecation reflex

Liver

has four lobes and manufactures and secretes bile

Gall Bladder

Pear shaped sac

Bile

Stored in the gall bladder, emulsifies fat.

Pancreas

secretes enzymes that are vital for the breakdown of all food types.

Dental caries

Cavities

Thrush

yeast infection of the mouth

Stomatitis

Inflammation of the oral mucosa

GERD

Gastroesophageal reflux disease. Chronic condition in which stomach acid moves back into the esophagus from the stomach.

Peptic Ulcer

A craterlike lesion of the mucosal lining of the stomach or duodenum

diarrhea

the passage of fluid or unformed stools

Constipation

sluggish action of the bowels

colitis

chronic inflammation of the colon

appendicitis

inflammation of the vermiform appendix

diverticulosis/diverticulitis

inflammation of the outpouching of the wall of the colon

crohn's disease

a chronic inflammatory disease involving any part of the GI tract. Associated with scarring and thickening of the bowel wall.

Hepatitis

inflammation of the liver. Types A, B and C

Cirrhosis

death of liver cells and their replacement by fibrous connective tissue (scarring).

Cholecytitis

inflammation of the gallbladder

cholelithiasis

the presence of gallstones in the gallbladder

ascites

accumulation of excess fluid in the peritoneal cavity.

jaundice

yellow or greenish pigmentation of the skin due to hyperbilirubinemia

pancreatitis

inflammation of the pancreas

Dermatologic System

Integumentary system

epidermis

The outermost layer of skin and outermost cells that are constantly lost through wear and tear

Langerhan's cells

the first line of defense against bacteria and other microbes attempting to penetrate the skin

Dermis

made up of living cells

hypodermis

located between the skin surface and muscles

hair

increases the skins surface to touch

sebaceous glands

secrete and oily substance called sebum

vitamin synthesis

produced in the skin when exposed to sunlight

boils

a tender inflamed area of skin containing pus

Carbuncles

deep, broad, swollen, erythematous and painful follicular masses

impetigo

a superficial bacterial skin infection seen most commonly in babies and children.

Acne vulgaris

an inflammatory disease of the sebaceous glands and the adjacent hair follicle

Scabies

parasitic infection that is often worse at night.

Decubitis ulcers

bedsores

psoriasis

chronic inflammatory skin disorder characterized by recurrent exacerbations and remissions of thickened erythematous, scaling lesions.

Skin cancer

the most common form of cancer

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