Motion, Forces, & Energy - Chapter 6

Created by cryslyn 

Upgrade to
remove ads

31 terms

temperature

measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in an substance (p168)

Fahrenheit scale

the temperature scale on which 32 and 212 are the temperatures at which water freezes and boils (p169)

Celsius scale

the temperature scale on which 0 and 100 are the temperatures at which water freezes and boils (p169)

Kelvin scale

the temperature scale on which 0 is the temperature at which no more energy can be removed from matter (p169)

absolute zero

the temperature scale on which no more energy can be removed from matter (p170)

heat

thermal energy that is transferred from one substance to another (p171)

conduction

the transfer of heat between particles within a substance (p172)

convection

the transfer of heat by the movement of currents within a fluid (p173)

convection current

a current caused by the rising of heated fluid and sinking of cooled fluid (p173)

radiation

the transfer of energy by electromagnetic waves (p174)

conductor

the transfer of heat between particles within a substance (p172)

insulator

a material that does not easily transfer heat between its particles (p175)

specific heat

the amount of heat required to raise the temperature of 1 kilogram of a substance by 1 kelvin (p176)

states

the three forms (solid, liquid, and gas) in which matter exists (p182)

change of state

the physical change of matter from one state to another (p182)

melting

the change from the solid to the liquid form of matter (p183)

melting point

the temperature at which a substance melts( (p183)

freezing

the change from the liquid to the solid form of matter (p184)

freezing point

the temperature at which a substance freezes (p184)

vaporization

the change from the liquid to the gaseous form of matter (p184)

evaporation

vaporization that occurs at the surface of a liquid (p184)

boiling

vaporization that occurs on and below the surface of a liquid (p184)

boiling point

the temperature at which a liquid sustance boils (p184)

condensation

the change from the gaseous to the liquid form of matter (p185)

thermal expansion

the expansion of matter when it is heated (p185)

thermostat

a device that regulates temperature (p186)

bimetallic strip

a strip made of two different metals that expands at different rates (p186)

heat engine

a device that converts thermal energy into mechanical energy (p187)

combustion

the process of burning fossil fuel to produce thermal energy (p187)

external combustion engine

an engine powered by fuel burned outside the engine (p188)

internal combustion engine

an engine that burns fuel inside cylinders within the engine (p188)

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set