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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. blues scale
  2. musique concrete
  3. fiddle
  4. tone cluster
  5. bebop
  1. a Violin played without much vibrato
  2. b music in which the composer works directly with sounds recorded on magnetic tape, not with musical notation and performers
  3. c a seven-note scale in which the third, fifth, and seventh pitches are sometimes flat, sometimes natural, and sometimes in between
  4. d a dissonant sounding of several pitches, each only a half step away from the other, in a densely packed chord
  5. e a complex, hard-driving style of jazz that emerged shortly after World War II; it is played without musical notation by a small ensemble

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. the stacking of one triad or seventh chord on another so they sound simultaneously
  2. two or more meters sounding simultaneously
  3. musical effects that seek to convey the impressions of distant places by drawing on sounds from outside the traditional Western European musical experience, such as non-Western scales, harmonies, folk rhythms, or instruments
  4. the generic term for the various, more sophisticated styles that emerged from rock 'n' roll after The Beatles
  5. a full statement of the tune around which the performers improvise

5 True/False questions

  1. cool jazza style of jazz that emerged in the 1950s that is softer, more relaxed, and less frenzied than bebop

          

  2. Tin Pan Alleythe area near Broadway and West 28th Street in New York where numerous music stores were located; the song pluggers in this neighborhood were so noisy that they sounded like a crowd banging on tin pans

          

  3. twelve-tone compositionsounds produced and manipulated by magnetic tape machines, synthesizers, and/or computers

          

  4. bluesNarrative song in strophic form that told a (usually sad) tale in an unemotional way

          

  5. banjoan expressive, soulful style of singing that emerged from the African-American spiritual and work song at the end of the nineteenth century; its texts are strophic, its harmonies simple and repetitive

          

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