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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. sampling
  2. ballad
  3. twelve-tone composition
  4. tone cluster
  5. second Viennese School
  1. a extracting a small portion of pre-recorded music and then mechanically repeating it over and over as a musical backdrop to the text of a rap song
  2. b a method of composing music devised by Arnold Schoenberg that has each of the twelve notes of the chromatic scale sound in a fixed, regularly recurring order
  3. c Narrative song in strophic form that told a (usually sad) tale in an unemotional way
  4. d three composers— Schoenberg, Berg, and Webern— who decided to take high-art music into a new atonal, and ultimately, serial style
  5. e a dissonant sounding of several pitches, each only a half step away from the other, in a densely packed chord

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. a machine that has the capacity to produce, transform, and combine electronic sounds
  2. a seven-note scale in which the third, fifth, and seventh pitches are sometimes flat, sometimes natural, and sometimes in between
  3. music in which the composer works directly with sounds recorded on magnetic tape, not with musical notation and performers
  4. a salesman who sold (plugged) songs by singing and playing them in a local music store
  5. music in which some important component—pitch, dynamics, rhythm—comes in a continually repeating series

5 True/False questions

  1. parallel motionthe three notes in African-American folk music that are typically altered for expressive purposes


  2. blue notean expressive, soulful style of singing that emerged from the African-American spiritual and work song at the end of the nineteenth century; its texts are strophic, its harmonies simple and repetitive


  3. neo-classicismGerman-Austrian style that sought to express the innermost feelings, anxieties, and fears that an object generated in the artist


  4. Tin Pan Alleythe area near Broadway and West 28th Street in New York where numerous music stores were located; the song pluggers in this neighborhood were so noisy that they sounded like a crowd banging on tin pans


  5. bebopa complex, hard-driving style of jazz that emerged shortly after World War II; it is played without musical notation by a small ensemble


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