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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. rhythm section
  2. Sprechstimme
  3. blue note
  4. quarter tone music
  5. polychord
  1. a (German for "speech-voice") a singer declaims, rather than sings, a text at only approximate pitch levels
  2. b the three notes in African-American folk music that are typically altered for expressive purposes
  3. c music in which the smallest interval is not the chromatic half step (as on the piano), but half of half a step
  4. d the stacking of one triad or seventh chord on another so they sound simultaneously
  5. e the section within a jazz band, usually consisting of drums, double bass, piano, banjo, and/or guitar, that establishes the harmony and rhythm

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. an early style of jazz that emphasized improvisation by a small group of soloists (cornet, clarinet, and trombone) and a rhythm section
  2. the most recent development in electronic music, it couples the computer with the electronic synthesizer to imitate the sounds of acoustical instruments as well as produce new sounds
  3. Narrative song in strophic form that told a (usually sad) tale in an unemotional way
  4. Violin played without much vibrato
  5. the generic term for the various, more sophisticated styles that emerged from rock 'n' roll after The Beatles

5 True/False questions

  1. bluesan expressive, soulful style of singing that emerged from the African-American spiritual and work song at the end of the nineteenth century; its texts are strophic, its harmonies simple and repetitive


  2. neo-classicismmusical effects that seek to convey the impressions of distant places by drawing on sounds from outside the traditional Western European musical experience, such as non-Western scales, harmonies, folk rhythms, or instruments


  3. rock 'n' rolla term used to describe the adaptation of rhythm and blues to a northern, urban, and white audience


  4. twelve-tone compositionsounds produced and manipulated by magnetic tape machines, synthesizers, and/or computers


  5. polymetertwo or more meters sounding simultaneously


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