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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. polymeter
  2. sampling
  3. Tin Pan Alley
  4. blue note
  5. quarter tone music
  1. a music in which the smallest interval is not the chromatic half step (as on the piano), but half of half a step
  2. b the three notes in African-American folk music that are typically altered for expressive purposes
  3. c extracting a small portion of pre-recorded music and then mechanically repeating it over and over as a musical backdrop to the text of a rap song
  4. d two or more meters sounding simultaneously
  5. e the area near Broadway and West 28th Street in New York where numerous music stores were located; the song pluggers in this neighborhood were so noisy that they sounded like a crowd banging on tin pans

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. the section within a jazz band, usually consisting of drums, double bass, piano, banjo, and/or guitar, that establishes the harmony and rhythm
  2. a dissonant sounding of several pitches, each only a half step away from the other, in a densely packed chord
  3. three composers— Schoenberg, Berg, and Webern— who decided to take high-art music into a new atonal, and ultimately, serial style
  4. music without tonality, music without a key center; most often associated with the twentieth-century avant-garde style of Arnold Schoenberg
  5. Violin played without much vibrato

5 True/False questions

  1. polytonalitythe simultaneous sounding of two keys or tonalities


  2. balladNarrative song in strophic form that told a (usually sad) tale in an unemotional way


  3. parallel motionmusic that involves an element of chance (rolling dice, choosing cards, etc.) or whimsy on the part of the performers, especially popular with avant-garde composers


  4. exoticismmusical effects that seek to convey the impressions of distant places by drawing on sounds from outside the traditional Western European musical experience, such as non-Western scales, harmonies, folk rhythms, or instruments


  5. ImpressionismGerman-Austrian style that sought to express the innermost feelings, anxieties, and fears that an object generated in the artist


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