Music 1030 Review

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70 terms · Questions from Chapters 1-8 of The World of Music

a global perspective

A worldwide point of view, including the awareness of and respect for the lifestyles, traditions, values, and arts of nations and cultures

assimilation

Some immigrant groups have merged with the mainstream of American society while retaining the songs, dances, instruments, and other aspects of their cultures in this process

jazz

An American style of music that developed from the merging of the songs and dances of Anglo-Americans with those of Creoles

ethnomusicologists

Scholars of music in cultures

less European and more global

The way American music is becoming at the beginning of the twenty-first century,

George Gershwin

The music of this person is a merging of classical, symphonic, popular, and operatic styles

The music of Woody Guthrie, Pete Seeger, and Bob Dylan

popular music that became part of the folk music tradition

1909

The copyright law was established in this year

silence

Many composers and performers recognize the importance of this as a compositional technique, rather than as only a rest from sound

Classical

The music of the Western European concert tradition

the conductor

The primary musical interpreter in a band, chorus, or orchestra

listener

While many people participate in music as performers and creators, nearly everyone participates in music as this

Music

sound and silence organized in time AND/OR an art that can suggest feelings and images

acoustics

Frequency, range, echo, graphic equalization and signal-to-noise ratio

roots music

Music at the core of America's collective culture, derived from and related directly to the everyday lives of its people

examples of work songs

Sea shanties, railroad songs, and lumbermen's songs

rally songs

Songs that were used to promote union organization, political candidates, and patriotism

revival

A resurgence or a return to popularity of an existing style

Child ballad

named for a folksong collector

protest music

The Hutchinson family is best known for this type of Music

strophic setting

the same music to different words

music notation

Folk music is transmitted primarily through this

Tone bending

a singing technique used in Negro spirituals

"Barbry Allen"

a narrative ballad

the fiddle

instrument that was the primary melodic instrument in almost all instrumental folk dance traditions

Blues

genre of music for three-line poetic stanzas and twelve bars of music

Leadbelly's real name

Pete Seeger

1958

When scholars think the urban folk revival began

Psalter

hymnbook that contains the psalms to be sung during worship

Singing schools

Social, musical and religious events organized to improve hymn singing

Thomas A. Dorsey

father of black gospel music

The Edwin Hawkins Singers

contributed significantly to Black Gospel Music

Lowell Mason

He published Carmina Sacra in 1844.

southern gospel

also known as White Gospel Music

English Pilgrims and Puritans

brought Psalm singing to America

The Bay Psalm Book

first book to be published in British North America

The Sacred Harp

popular traditional black gospel group

"Sherburne"

Example of a fuging tune, a shape-note hymn , and an early New England hymn

Ira Sankey

song leader for Dwight Moody

Aretha Franklin, Sam Cooke, and Little Richard

artists who crossed over from gospel to popular music

Original Dixieland Jazz Band

Made the first jazz recording

King of Swing

Benny Goodman

Scott Joplin

The most popular creator and performer of ragtime piano music

Boogie woogie

jazz for solo piano

Chick Corea

The first leading proponent of cool jazz

Miles Davis

The primary innovator of modern jazz in the 1960s

New Orleans

Where Jazz began

A typical lead instrument

Trumpet

Blues

The styles that helped to stimulate the beginnings of jazz

Swing

Big band is associated primarily with this type of Jazz

minstrel song

considered the first distinctively American genre

James Bland

First American black songwriter of note

Hillbilly music

original music of Appalachian ethnic groups that became an internationally popular style of country music

The Jazz Singer

The first commercial movie with a synchronized soundtrack

The Beatles

The group most symbolic of the "British invasion"

Tin Pan Alley

a style of popular song- tradition lasted from 1890-1950

New Age Music

A style of music that emerged in the 1970s that combines elements of jazz, classical, popular, or rock styles to create a mellow, soothing, "back-to-nature" mood

Afro-Cuban

Culture from which Salsa orginiated

Clifton Chenier

The "king" of creole

Pentatonic

The most common scale used in Native American music

Mariachi

A style of Mexican folk music that in the 20th century became an urban entertainment music performed in restaurants and performance halls, parades, folk festivals and weddings

Gamelan music

typically based on five-tone and seven-tone scales

Kroncong and Dangdut

popular Indonesian styles

melismatic

A melody in which several notes correspond to a single syllable of text

Klezmer music

Music of Yiddish-speaking immigrants in the United States

Indian, Japenese, African Music

mostly from an oral tradition

Gagaku

The oldest documented orchestral music in the world

mbira

An African instrument that has 8-30 metal reeds that are plucked by both thumbs

bouzouki

A plucked string instrument of Greek origin similar to a banjo that is used in Celtic music

shamisen

The three-stringed plucked Japanese instrument used by entertainers and amateurs

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