the scientific study of the natural interactions between organisms and the environment (deals with discovery science)
patterns on global, regional, and local level climates
very fine patterns (such as those seen in a community of organisms beneath a fallen log)
major terrestrial or aquatic life zones: similar ecosystems for the world due to similar lattitudes OR elevation
characterized by physical environment, account for largest part of biosphere
how far down the light can penetrate in the water
where the light can't reach, too deep
bottom of all aquatic biomes, made up of sand and organic/inorganic sediments, living and dead things, inhabited by communities called benthos
green, warm, humid, moist
along equator, seasonal (wet/dry seasons), always warm, fire adapted, drought tolerant plants, herbivores, fertile soil, great open plaines (like in Africa)
30 degree N+S latitude band, little precipitation, variable temperature (dry and hot or dry and cold) daily and seasonally; sparse vegetation and animals
mid latitudes/mid continents, seasonal (dry/wet), cold winters and hot summers, prairie grasses;
Coniferous Forest (Taiga)
high latitude/northern hemisphere, giant redwood, little precipitation, cool year round, diverse mammals, insects, etc.
arctic, high latitude/northern hemisphere, little precipitation, cool year round; quick summers
Seasonal Variations in Sunlight Intensity
December Solstice, June Solstice, March Equinox, September Equinox.
Global Wind Patterns
remains of the living things
organisms that are living
Deepest, darkest area
where the temperature changes between photic and aphotic zone.
Oxygen rich, nutrient poor
Oxygen poor, nutrient rich
Where rivers meet the sea, brakish water
between tides, sometimes the water covers an area and sometimes it doesn't.
Oceanic Pelagic Zone
Open blue water, out at sea
Marine Benthic Zone
Sea floor in an area where there are living things
frozen soil in the tundra