Chapter 11- Emerging Adulthood: Body, Mind, and Social World

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Ages 18 - 25

emerging adulthood

The developmental period between the ages of 18 and 25.

Changes in growth, strength, and health

Muscle growth and fat accumulation continue into the early 20's. Higher proportion of the male body is muscle, not fat, making men stronger. Emerging adults are better at running up a steep hill, lifting a heavy load, or gripping with max force. Serious disease is uncommon and chronic illnesses are less troubling. By age 20, the immune system is developed and strong. Blood pressure is normal, teeth develop no new cavities, heart rate is steady, brain is fully grown, lung capacity is at it's largest.

The current level of food availability means that in almost every nation, women have reached their full height by age ______ and men by age ______.

16; 18

Post-formal thought

Understanding that one's own perspective is one of many potentially valid views.

Cognitive maturity

Intuitive and logical modes of thought align. Complex, critical, and relativizing thinking emerges in the 20's. Able to use entire brains flexibly to deal with whatever practical concerns they might have. Can combine subjective (personal experiences and perceptions) and objective thought (abstract, impersonal logic). Multiple views of the same phenomenon exist. Cognitive flexibility, less likely to insist they are right and more likely to compromise, change, and take other perspectives into account. Imagine several solutions for every problem and then use logic to select the best one.

According to Labouvie-Vief, which of the following characteristics the cognitive development of the emerging adult?

the emergence of complex, critical, and relativizing thinking

Age differences in the way people describe themselves

Self-descriptions: 1) Self-protective (high in self-involvement, low in self-doubt), 2) Dysregulated (fragmented, overwhelmed by emotions or problems), 3) Complex (valuing openness and independence above all), 4) Integrated (able to regulate emotions and logic)

Stereotype threat

The fear that someone else will judge one's appearance or behavior negatively and thereby confirm that person's prejudiced attitudes.

intimacy versus isolation

According to Erikson, once the emerging adult has established a sense of identity, they will need to resolve which of the following crises?

intimacy in emerging adulthood

Progress from attraction to close connection to ongoing commitment. Require personal sacrifice, vulnerability that brings deeper self-understanding and shatters the isolation caused by to much self-protection. Marriage and parenthood are only two of several paths to intimacy.

friendship in emerging adulthood

Crucial during this period. Most have one or two cross-sex friendships and several more nonsexual same-sex relationships.

Sternberg's love theory

Three distinct aspects of love: passion, intimacy, and commitment. Presence or absence of these gives rise to 7 different forms of love: liking, infatuation, empty love, romantic love, fatuous love, companionate love, consummate love.

Passion

an intense, physical cognitive, and emotional onslaught characterized by excitement, ecstasy, and euphoria. The entire body and mind, hormones and neurons, are activated.

Intimacy

Knowing someone well, sharing secrets as well as sex. This phase of a relationship is reciprical, with each partner gradually revealing more of himself or herself.

Commitment

Takes time, dedication, and work. It grows gradually through decisions to be together, mutual care giving, kept secrets, shared possessions, and forgiveness.

In the United States, of those earning advanced degrees, what percent are women?

57

What is the estimated incidence of anxiety disorders among emerging adults in the United States?

25%

What percentage of emerging adults in the United States have had at least one STI?

50%

Which of Sternberg's three components of love are influenced by the social context?

commitment

Which of the following groups reports the lowest rates of chronic illness?

Ages 18 to 24

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