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6 Written questions

6 Multiple choice questions

  1. Flexion: 25
    Extension: 30
    Left Lateral Bending: 25
    Right Lateral Bending: 25
    Left Rotation: 30
    Right Rotation: 30
  2. Positive: Reproduction of Sciatic pain BEFORE 60 DEGREES

    Indicates: Sciatica

    *PANTY HOSE DISPLAY
  3. Positive: Radiating pain in posterior thigh.

    Indicates: Sciatic Radiculopathy
  4. Positive:
    Inability to bend at the waist more than 45 degrees, because of either/or:

    1) Radiating pain along Sciatic nerve, either unilateral or bilateral
    Indicates: Sciatic neuralgia or radiculopathy, etc. possibly due to a lumbar disc pathology

    2) Low back pain (lumbar or pelvic regions)
    Indicates: Anterior (rotational) displacement of the Ilium relative to Sacrum
  5. Paraspinal Muscles (Superficial Layer)
    Spinalis
    Longissimus
    Iliocostalis
    Sciatic Nerve
    Gluteus Maximus
    Gluteus Medius
    Hamstrings
    Biceps Femoris
    Semitendinosus
    Semimembranosus
    Anterior Abdominal Muscles
  6. Positive:

    1) Inability to raise tight
    Indicates: Iliopsoas spasm

    2) Pain in the anterior thigh
    Indicates: Inflammation if lumbar nerve roots

    3) Pain in the lumbar region
    Indicates: Lumber nerve root adhesions

    *ASK: Where is the pain? What does it feel like?

6 True/False questions

  1. Toe WalkPositive: Inability to perform test

    Indicates: L4-L5 disc problem (L5 nerve root)

          

  2. Buckling Sign (Cipriano)Positive: Pain in the lumbar region or radiculopathy

    Indicates: Sciatic erve root compression. Helps to rule out tight hamstrings.

          

  3. Lewin Standing TestPositive: Pain in the lumbar region or radiculopathy

    Indicates: Sciatic erve root compression. Helps to rule out tight hamstrings.

          

  4. Goldthwait'a SignPositive: Radiating pain in posterior thigh.

    Indicates: Sciatic Radiculopathy

          

  5. Bowstring SignPositive: Lack of counter-pressure on healthy side

    Indicates: Lack of organic basis for paralysis (Malingering/hysteria). With organic hemiplegia, the patient will still exert downward pressure when attempting to raise paralyzed leg.

          

  6. Millgram's TestPositive: Reproduction of radicular pain or inability to perform correctly due to Tripod Sign.

    Indicates: Sciatic Radiculopathy

    *KEEP HANDS IN LAP

          

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