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6 Written questions

6 Multiple choice questions

  1. Lumbar Spinous Processes

    Sacral Tubercles

    Iliac Crest

    PSIS
  2. Flexion: 25
    Extension: 30
    Left Lateral Bending: 25
    Right Lateral Bending: 25
    Left Rotation: 30
    Right Rotation: 30
  3. Positive: Inability to perform test

    Indicates: L5-S1 disc problem (S1 nerve root)
  4. Positive: Inability to perform test

    Indicates: L4-L5 disc problem (L5 nerve root)
  5. Positive: Reproduction of radicular pain or inability to perform correctly due to Tripod Sign.

    Indicates: Sciatic Radiculopathy

    *KEEP HANDS IN LAP
  6. Positive: Radiating pain and/or posterior thigh pain

    Indicates: Sciatic radiculopathy or tight hamstrings. Positive between 35-70 degrees = possible discogenic sciatic radiculopathy (Cipriano).

6 True/False questions

  1. Lewin Standing TestPositive: Reproduction of Sciatic pain BEFORE 60 DEGREES

    Indicates: Sciatica

    *PANTY HOSE DISPLAY

          

  2. Ely's Heel to Buttock Test (Ely's Sign)Positive:

    1) Inability to raise tight
    Indicates: Iliopsoas spasm

    2) Pain in the anterior thigh
    Indicates: Inflammation if lumbar nerve roots

    3) Pain in the lumbar region
    Indicates: Lumber nerve root adhesions

    *ASK: Where is the pain? What does it feel like?

          

  3. Hoover's SignPositive: Radiating pain in posterior thigh.

    Indicates: Sciatic Radiculopathy

          

  4. Bragard's SignPositive: Radiating pain in posterior thigh.

    Indicates: Sciatic Radiculopathy

          

  5. Bowstring SignPositive: Pain in the lumbar region or radiculopathy

    Indicates: Sciatic erve root compression. Helps to rule out tight hamstrings.

          

  6. Neri Bowing Test (Neri Sign)Positive: Pain accompanied by flexion of the knee on the affected side and body rotation away from the affected side.

    Indicates: Positive with a variety of low back pathologies. Hamstring tension on pelvis may trigger the response.

          

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