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6 Written questions

6 Multiple choice questions

  1. Positive: Lack of counter-pressure on healthy side

    Indicates: Lack of organic basis for paralysis (Malingering/hysteria). With organic hemiplegia, the patient will still exert downward pressure when attempting to raise paralyzed leg.
  2. Positive: Reproduction of radicular pain or inability to perform correctly due to Tripod Sign.

    Indicates: Sciatic Radiculopathy

    *KEEP HANDS IN LAP
  3. Positive: Inability to perform test and/or low back pain

    Indicates: Weak abdominal muscles or space occupying lesion

    *YOU RAISE LEGS 2-3 inches)
    Instruct the to hold for 30 SECONDS
    SPOT THEM
  4. Positive: Inability to perform test

    Indicates: L4-L5 disc problem (L5 nerve root)
  5. Flexion: 25
    Extension: 30
    Left Lateral Bending: 25
    Right Lateral Bending: 25
    Left Rotation: 30
    Right Rotation: 30
  6. Paraspinal Muscles (Superficial Layer)
    Spinalis
    Longissimus
    Iliocostalis
    Sciatic Nerve
    Gluteus Maximus
    Gluteus Medius
    Hamstrings
    Biceps Femoris
    Semitendinosus
    Semimembranosus
    Anterior Abdominal Muscles

6 True/False questions

  1. Goldthwait'a SignPositive: Lack of counter-pressure on healthy side

    Indicates: Lack of organic basis for paralysis (Malingering/hysteria). With organic hemiplegia, the patient will still exert downward pressure when attempting to raise paralyzed leg.

          

  2. Straight Leg Raiser (SLR)Positive: Radiating pain in posterior thigh.

    Indicates: Sciatic Radiculopathy

          

  3. Lewin Standing TestPositive: Reproduction of Sciatic pain BEFORE 60 DEGREES

    Indicates: Sciatica

    *PANTY HOSE DISPLAY

          

  4. Bowstring SignPositive: Lack of counter-pressure on healthy side

    Indicates: Lack of organic basis for paralysis (Malingering/hysteria). With organic hemiplegia, the patient will still exert downward pressure when attempting to raise paralyzed leg.

          

  5. Anterior Innominate Test (Mazion Pelvic Maneuver/Advancement Sign)Positive: Pain accompanied by flexion of the knee on the affected side and body rotation away from the affected side.

    Indicates: Positive with a variety of low back pathologies. Hamstring tension on pelvis may trigger the response.

          

  6. Lumbar Spine Bony PalpationLumbar Spinous Processes

    Sacral Tubercles

    Iliac Crest

    PSIS

          

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