Figures of Thought

19 terms by PVCCEnglish 

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metaphor

a figurative comparison

simile

a figurative comparison that makes use of "like" or "as"

personification

giving human traits to non-human things

pathetic fallacy

using the weather to mimic a character's emotions

hyperbole

intended exaggeration

metonymy

to refer to something or someone by naming a thing closely associated with it

synecdoche

using part of something to represent the whole thing

synesthesia

using one sense to describe the perceptions of another

litotes

to affirm something by negating the opposite

analogy

a metaphor or simile that explains why the comparison is true

understatement

to intenionally minimize a comment

conceit

an extended metaphor

allusion

a reference to another piece of literature or art or culture

verbal irony

to say the opposite of what is meant

situational irony

a twist in the plot unexpected by the reader

cosmic irony

when the universe seems to conspire against a character

dramatic irony

when the reader knows more than the character does

apostrophe

to address the dead as if living or the absent as if present

eternizing conceit

the claim that if a poet write about someone, he makes that person immortal

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