Jim Crow laws
state and local statutes/ laws enacted in the Southern and border states of the United States to enforce segregation
unfair treatment of a person or group on the basis of prejudice
Rational basis test
a test the Supreme Court developed to determine if a law is discriminatory, which is applied to laws dealing with age, disability, income, and similar categories
Strict scrutiny test
in order to prove a discriminatory law constitutional there must be a "compelling government interest" to justify a classification (of people based on race, etc.) and no less restrictive way to accomplish the purpose; also tests laws that interfere with fundamental rights
Substantial relationship test
close connection between the law and pratice, and must serve an important governmental purpose
a policy designed to redress past/present discrimination against women and minority groups through measures to improve their economic and educational opportunities
a United States law enacted on June 23, 1972 that states: "No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance."
Illegal practice of channeling home seekers to particular neighborhoods based on race, religion, national origin; an illegal limitation of a purchaser's options
(1973) Federal law forbidding discrimination in education, jobs, or housing because of physical disabilities.
Civil Rights Act
1964 act that outlaws discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, pregnancy, or natural origin