Test on CPas Test CH 12, 13 (Safety & Infection Control)and Lesson 4,5,6 Medical Terminology

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List 6 basic rules of body mechanics

1. Keep feet 8-10 inches apart
2. Bend from the hips and knees
3. Keep back straight and get close to the object
4. Use strongest muscles to do the job
5. Use the weight of your body to push or pull an object
6. Carry heavy objects close to the body
7. Avoid twisting your body as you work

If a person is too heavy to lift, what should you do?

Ask for some help

Name three ways to identify a patient

1. Ask him or his relatives
2. Check the name on the door
3. Check his arm band

What are three causes of fire?

1. matches
2. misuse of electricity
3. defects in heating systems

What three things are needed to start a fire?

1.oxygen
2. Heat
3. Fuel

What is the most commonly used fire extinguisher?

ABC

What are the correct steps in using a fire extinguisher?

1.Pull the pin
2.Aim at the bottom of the fire
3.Squeeze handle
4.Sweep from side to side

If you are a medical professional on the floor, what are the 4 things you remember if a fire breaks out

1.Rescue Pts first
2.Activate alarm
3.Confine fire
4.Extinguish fire if small

What is the difference between a pathogen and a non-pathogen

A pathogen produces disease, a non pathogen does not

Severe sore throat and rheumatic fever are caused by

streptococcus

Wound infections characterized by pus are usually caused by...

staphlococcus

TB is caused by...

TB Bacillus

Hepatitis B is caused by...

HBV

Hepatitis C is caused by ...

HCV

AIDS is caused by...

HIV

What is the ideal supplier of all the requirements needed for a m/o to grow

THe human body

When pathogens produce a poison called a...

toxin

Diseases that origionate outside the body are known as...

exogenous

Diseases orginating inside the body are known as...

endogenous

Diseases that occur when a person's defenses are down are called...

opportunistic

Diseases that occur in a hospital are known as...

nosocomial

The organ where an organism lives is known as the...

reservoir

Body Fluids and blood that an organism uses to leave the human body from is called a...

portal of exit

Direct and indirect contact are two ways by which organisms are carried. This is known as...

Mode of transmission

When our skin is broken, we eat contaminated food, or breathe in contaminants , m/o are using a _____ __________ to enter our body.

Portal of entry

We become the _______________ when our immune defenses are down and pathogenic m/o enter our body

susceptible host

The first line of defense in the quest to maintain aseptic technique is to make sure we___________________.

Wash hands frequently

What are the three levels of aseptic control?

1. antisepsis
2.Disinfection
3. Sterilization

Anticeptics are used on ___________

skin

Two examples of anticeptics are...

1. alcohol
2. iodine

Disinfectants are used on ________

equiptment and surfaces

Two examples of disinfectants are...

1. bleach
2. zephirin

What two things are anticeptics and disinfectants not able to kill?

1. spores
2.viruses

A process that destroys all m/o is known as...

sterilization

The primary type of equiptment used to sterilize items is a...

autoclave

The smallest m/o visible only under an electron microscope is a ...

virus

Viruses are spread by...

blood and body fluids

A parasitic organism that cannot live outside the cells of another living organism is called...

rickettsiae

Rocky Mt spotted fever and typhus are examples of diseases caused by...

rickettsiae

Ringworm, thrush, athlete's foot are examples of diseases caused by ...

Fungi

Malaria is an example of a disease caused by a ....

Protozoa

PPE is the abbreviation for...

Personal Protective equiptment

Name two examples of PPE

1. gloves
2. Mask

Rules which we follow developed by CDC which state that all patients are considered potential sources of infection are known as...

Standard Precautions

Name three different types of supplies used when practicing standard precautions.

1. PPE
2.Biohazard bags
3. Needle boxes

What is the term for tongue?

lingua

What is the term for cell?

cyte

What is the term for red?

erythro

What is the term for slow?

brady

What is the term for vomit?

emesis

What is the term for lip?

cheil

What is the term for abdomen?

celio

What is the term for puncture?

centesis

What is the term for ear?

oto

What is the term for Chest?

thorac

What is the term for bladder?

vessic

What is the term for equal?

iso

What is the term for ankle?

tarso

What is the term for abdominal wall?

lapar

What is the term for labor?

part

What is the term for neck?

trachel

What is the term meaning to secrete?

crine

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