Physical Science Chemistry Exam

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71 terms · For the SAPS class

Temperature

A measure of the amount of the average kinetic energy of the particles in matter

°F=(9/5)°C + 32

Formula for Celsius to Fahrenheit

K=°C +273

Formula for Kelvin

The Very Right

Where are the Noble Gasses located on the periodic table?

The Very Left

Where are the Alkali Metals

Quantum

the amount of energy it takes an electron to move from one energy level to another

-1

Charge of an electron

0

Relative mass of an electron

+1

Charge of a proton

1

Relative mass of a proton

0

Charge of a neutron

1

relative mass of a neutron

The Second Column From the Right

Where are the Halogens located

Static Electricity

A stationary charge built up on the surface of a material

negative

if electrons>protons, there is a _______ charge

positive

if protons>electrons, there is a ______ charge

Induction

The charging of an object without direct contact.

Conduction

The passing of charge from one object to another just by making contact

SOdium Chloride

NaCl

Aluminum Fluoride

AlF₃

magnesium nitride

Mg₃N₂

Copper (I) Sulfide

Cu₂S

Lead (IV) Oxide

PbO₂

Tin (IV) iodide

SnI₄

LiBr

Lithium Bromide

CaCl₂

Calcium Chloride

K₂O

Potassium Oxide

CuO

Copper (II) Oxide

Pb₃N₄

Lead (IV) Nitride

FeF₂

Iron (II) Fluoride

LiNO₃

Li₁⁺ + NO₃¹⁻

Li₂SO₄

Li₁⁺ + SO₄²⁻

Li₃PO₄

Li₁⁺ + PO₄³⁻

Ca(NO₃)₂

Ca²⁺ + NO₃¹⁻

CaSO₄

Ca²⁺ + SO₄²⁻

Ca₃(PO₄)₂

Ca²⁺ + PO₄³⁻

Al(NO₃)₃

Al³⁺ + NO₃¹⁻

Al₂(SO₄)₃

Al³⁺ + SO₄²⁻

AlPO₄

Al³⁺ + PO₄³⁻

Cation

Positively Charged Ion

Anion

Negatively Charged Ion

Metals

Cations are what type of substance? (generally)

Nonmetals

Anions are what type of substance? (generally)

Heat Capacity

Heat required to raise the temperature of an object or sample by 1° Celsius

J/°C

Formula for Heat Capacity

Specific Heat Capacity

The quantity of energy required to raise the temperature of a 1g sample of something by 1° Celsius

J/°C/g

Formula for Specific Heat Capacity

Acids

_____ Contain at least one hydrogen atom that can be removed when it's dissolved in water

Acid

____ is a substance that produces hydrogen/hydronium ions in water

Hydronium

Forms when H⁺ reacts with water

Sour

Acids taste ____

acid formula (aq) + water (l) → anion of the acid (aq) + H₃O(aq)

How to write Ionization reactions for acids

Water

Basically take a H⁺ off the acid and add it to the _____

hydro

The first part of the name for simple acids is the prefix _____

ic

For simple acids, after the prefix hydro, the root name of the simple anion follows with an __ on the end

ic

For polyatomic acids, the first part is the name of the anion which is shortened and the suffix __ is added to the end if the anion ends in "ate"

ous

For polyatomic acids, the first part is the name of the anion which is shortened and the suffix ___ is added to the end if the anion ends in "ite"

Base

any substance that forms hydroxide ions OH⁻ when dissolved in water

H⁺ acids

Bases react with __ atoms from ______

protons

acids give up _______ when dissolved in water

electrons

bases give up _________ when dissolved in water

bitter

bases taste ______

ionic compounds

bases are just named as _____ _________ if they contain hydroxide ions (except ammonia of course)

strong

_____ bases or acids ionize completely in the solution

weak

_____ bases or acids ionize very little in the solution

use this to indicate strong acid

use this to indicate weak acid

pH

this measures the concentration of hydronium atoms in a solution

Neutralization

reaction between an acid and base that produces salt and water

acid + base → salt + water

general equation for neutralization reactions

alkaline

a synonym for basic is ________

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