Reading Vocabulary

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non-fiction

a type of literature that tells about real-life people, places, events, things, etc.

drama

a play written to be performed by actors

myth

a folktale (fictional story) about gods and goddesses (mythology)

tall tale

an American hero folktale full of extreme exaggerations

fable

a folktale, usually with talking animals, that always has a moral to it

main idea

what a piece of writing is mainly about

summary

gives the main idea and important details of a passage

theme

a more generally stated topic concerning a passage's main ideas

genre

a classification of literature, such as fiction, drama, poetry, etc.

fiction

a type of literature that tells a made-up story

simile

a comparison of two unlike things using the words "like" or "as"

analogy

a comparison that shows a relationship between two things

metaphor

a comparison of two unlike things not using the words "like" or "as"

paraphrase

restating something using different words (rephrasing)

context clues

words, phrases, or sentences that give meaning to unknown words

denotation

the dictionary definition of the word- the literal meaning

connotation

the extra sense that the word implies-pos. or neg. (cheap/inexpensive)

repetition

creating a "special effect" by repeating a sound or word

suspense

a feeling of uncertainty or dread about what will happen next

sarcasm

an expression that is personal, jeering, and intended to hurt

oxymoron

a seemingly contradictory combination of words (jumbo shrimp)

onomatopoeia

a word or phrase that imitates the sound (whoosh)

plot

the action of the story

resolution

the final outcome of the story-or the solution of the problem

character

a person or other creature in a story

setting

the time and place of the story's events

climax

the point of greatest interest or suspense in the story

conflict

the main problem the character faces (with others, self, or nature)

personification

gives animals or objects human qualities or characteristics

hyperbole

the deliberate use of exaggeration

symbolism

the use of one thing to stand for or represent another

imagery

the use of vivid description to create a picture in the reader's mind

foreshadow

gives clues that suggest what might happen in the future

flashback

interrrupting the story with events from the past

irony

a statement meaning the opposite of what is literally stated

idiom

a saying that can not be literally translated

allusion

a reference to a well-known work of literature, art, music, etc.

audience

the person or persons to whom the writing is addressed

author

the person who wrote the story or passage

narrator

the person who is telling the story

point of view

the relationship of the narrator to the story (viewpoint)

1st person pov

when a character in the story tells the story (using I, me, my, we, etc.)

3rd person pov

when someone not in the story tells the story (like an invisible observer)

dialogue

when the characters in a story speak (usually set off by quotation marks)

style/voice

the way the author uses phrases and sentences to make his story distinctive

tone

the author's attitude about his topic- can be positive, negative, or neutral

mood

the feeling or atmosphere in the story set by the author

inference

a guess based on a known fact, a conclusion

cause/effect

a text structure exploring the reason something happened (cause) and the result (effect)

compare/contrast

a text structure showing similariites (comparisons) and differences (contrasts)

problem/solution

a text structure examining how conflicts or obstacles (problems) are overcome (resolved)

chronology

a text structure presenting events in the order in which they occur (sequencing)

inductive

a text structure that starts with specific ideas and works toward a general idea

deductive

a text structure that starts with a general idea and works toward specific ideas

spatial order

a text structure that shows where things are

categorization

a text structure that puts things in categories

fact

a statement that can be proved- or disproved

opinion

a statement that can not be proven- someone's own belief

bias

a strong prejudice for one side over another- favoring only one side

objective

a work based on fact, having no bias or partiality

propaganda

persuasion techniques

synonyms

words that have similar meanings

antonyms

words that have opposite meanings

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