is the path of a moving point having greater length than width.
• Think in terms of opposites - straight, curved, long, short, thin, thick, broken...
Actual and implied
Categories of line:
- is a 2-dimensional flat space having an interior area and an outer boundary
foreground, middle ground, and back ground
• In a 2-d work of art: three divisions (_______, _______, _______)
- Linear perspective
- Varying the sizes
- Placement of shapes (foreground, background?)
- Overlapping shapes
- Arial perspective
- Diminishing details
• Ways to create space in a 2-d work of art:
- is the tactile feel of any surface, the roughness or smoothness experienced through the sense of touch.
actual (can touch) or implied (cannot touch)
Two kinds of texture:
5. Value -
is the degree of lightness or darkness of a surface, the quantity of light.
- is a technique in painting that uses tones, shades, shadows and highlights to create the illusion of three dimensions on two dimensional media.
a candle or torch, divine light, showing the sun or shadows and vibrant color changes.
• Ways to show value in a 2-d work of art:
- the quality of light on any surface.
hue, intensity and value
• Qualities of color:
primary, secondary, tertiary and neutral
• Categories of color:
monochromatic, complimentary and analogous
• Harmonies of color:
- is also a three-dimensional solid (usually a sculpture).
1. Dominance/Emphasis -
is one feature within a work of art that first catches the viewer's eye; the focal point.
placement of shapes (foreground, off-center), contrasting elements, brilliant color, value changes, repetition of elements.
• Ways to create emphasis:
2. Balance -
in art is the visual balancing of the elements.
symmetrical (same on two sides), asymmetrical (no symmetry anywhere), radial (centered)
• Three Types of Balance:
3. Repetition/movement -
is the repeating of elements to create a sense of movement and lead the viewer's eye throughout the design.
• REPEATED ELEMENTS CREATE MOVEMENT OF THE EYE! Is it actual movement?
4. Contrast/variety -
refers to the use of opposing elements within a composition, such as line, color, shape, texture and value.
• ALWAYS ASK YOURSELF - WHAT CONTRASTING LINES ARE VISIBLE; CONTRASTING SHAPES; CONTRASTING TEXTURES; CONTRASTING COLORS?
5. Unity -
is the harmony of the visual elements in a composition. It is not always achieved.