Pathology

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182 terms · Pathology NBE

Abatement

decrease in, such as in pain

Abrasion

An excoriation, a circumscribed removal of the epidermis of skin or mucous membran

Abscess

a circumscribed collection of pus

Acapnia

a marked decrease in blood cardon dioxide content

Acidosis

condition in which there is an excessive proportion of acid in the blood

Acquired Disease

a disease which is not congenital, but has developed since birth

Acute

a disease or ailment which is sharp and of short course

Adenoma

a neoplasm formed bu glandular epithelium

Alkalosis

condition in which there is an excessiver proportion of alkali in the blood

Alzeheimer's Disease

a pre-senile dementia occurring usually in persons over 60 years of age; thought to be associated with neurofibril degeneration

Amelia

congenital absence of the extremities

Anemia

a decrease in red blood cells, hemoglobin or both

Anasarca

generalized massive edema in subcutaneous tissue

Aneurysm

blood-filled saclike dilation of the wall of an artery

Aplasia

congenital absence of an organ or other part. In hematology, incolmplete or defective development or a cessation of regeneration

Angioma

a swelling or tumor sue to dilation of the blood vessels (hemangioma) or lymphatics (lymphangioma

Anoxia

deficient blood oxygen supplies to tissues

Ascites

accumulation of serous fluid in the abdominal cavity

Arteritis

imflammation, usually of a chronic progressive character, involving an artery or arteries

Arteriosclerosis

hardening of the arteries

Asphyxia

loss of conciousness from deficient oxygen

Atherosclerosis

arteriorsclerosis or hardening of the arter walls characterized by lipid deposits in tunica intima

Atrophy

wasting away of tissue; decrease in size of a part

Autopsy

a postmortem examination of the organs and tissues of a body to determine cause of death or pathological condition

Avulsion

a tearing away

Bilirubin

the red pigment in the bile

Biliverdin

the green pigment in the bile

Brain Purge

pre-embalming purge as a result of a fracture of the skull, a surgical procedure in the cranial cavity or a trauma. It is possible for gas (a type of purge) to build up in the cranium and travel along the nerve routes to distend such tissues as the eyelids

Cachexia

a general state of ill-health, associated with emaciation

Carcinoma

general term for a malignant tumor

Carbuncle

a phlegmonour inflammation of the skin and subcutaneous tissues

Cavitation

formation of cavities in an organ or tissue; frequently seen in some forms of tuberculosis

Cellular Degeneration

the deterioration of an organ or cell structure which may include swelling

Cellular Infliltration

a cellular reaction to injury which may include pigmentation, calcification, and gout

Cerebral Vascular Accident (Stroke)

a blow; hence a sudden attack, as a sunstroke, a paralytic or apoplectic stroke or apoplexy

Chancre

primary lesion, initial clerosis, syphlitic sore, the first manifestation of sypilis

Cholecystitis

inflammation of the gallbladder

Chronic

a disease of slow progress and long continuance

Cirrhosis

a degeneration or atrophy of the parenchyma cells of an organwithhypertrophy of the interstitial connective tissue

Colitis

inflammation of the mucous membran of the colon

Communicable

any disease which is transmitted by infection of contagious directly or through the agency of a vector

Concussion

an injury of a soft structure, as the brian, resulting froma blow or violent shaking

Congenital Disease

a disease that begins before birth and is evident at the time of birth

Contusion

a bruise, a contused wound

Cretinism

a congenital condition due to hypothyroidism resulting in mental retardation

Cryptorchism (Cryptorchidism)

condition is which the descent of a testis into the scrotum is arrested at some point in the normal path

Cyanosis

bluish appearance of the skin from deficient oxygenation of the blood

Cyst

an abnormal sac containing gas, fluid, or a semi-solid material

Cystitis

inflammation of a bladder, especially the urinary bladder

Decomposition

chemical reaction involving breaking of chemical bonds; forms two ro more smaller molecule compounds from larger molecule compounds

Deficiency

Disease due to lack of dietary or metabolic substance

Diabetes

a term used to designate two diseases, diabetes insipidum and diabetes mellitus, each having the symptom of polyuria in common

Diagnosis

the determination of the nature of a disease

Diverticulosis

the presence of a number of diverticula of the intestine

Dry Gangrene (Ischemic Necrosis)

condition that results when the body part that dies had little blood and remains aseptic and occurs when the arteries but not the veins are obstructed (e.g., ischemic necrosis)

Dysplasia

an abnormal tissue development

Dystrophy

faulty nutrition

Ecchymosis

a purplish patch caused by extravasation of blood into the skin; a black-and-blue spot

Ectopic

displaced; not in the normal place for example, extrauterine pregnancy

Edema (Dropsy)

excessive fluid in the tissues

Emaciation

extreme loss of flesh, a growing lean

Embolism

obstruction of a blood vessel by foreign matter carried in the bloodstream

Encephalitis

inflammation of the brain

Endemic

denotes a disease which prevails more or less continuously in a given region

Endocarditis

inflammation of the endocardium, or lining membrane of the heart. It may involve only the membran covering the valves or the general lining of the chambers of the heart

Endocervicitis

inflammation of the mucouos membrane of the cervix uteri

Endometriosis

the ectopic occurrence of endometrial tissue or its diffuse inplantation or infiltration in the myometrium

Empyema

pus in the pleural cavity

Enteritis

inflammation of the intestine

Epidemic

denoting a disease attacking, nearly simultaneously, a considerable number of people in a communit, not indigenous or continuously present but introduced from without

Epistaxis

nosebleed

Esophagitis

inflammation of the esophagus

Etiology

the doctrine of causes, specifically of the cause of disease

Exacerbation

a sudden icrease in teh severity of a disease

Exudate

fluid or cellular debris exuding from blood vessels and deposited in tissues or tissue surfaces; usually a result of inflammation

Febrile

relating to fever, feverish, pyretic

Fibroma

an encapsulated tumor composed mainly of fibrous connective tissue; fibroid, tumor, inoma

Furnuncle

an abscess or pyogenic infection of a sweat gland or hair follicle

Gangrene

a form of necrosis combined with putrefaction

Gastritis

inflammation of the stomach

Gingivitis

inflammation of the gingival tissue

Glomerulonephritis

parenchymatous nephritis with pronounced lesions in teh glomeruli

Goiter

a chronic enlargement of the thyroid gland, not due to a neoplasm

Gross Pathology

study of changes in structure of the body that are readily seen with the unaided eye as a result of disease

Hematemesis

vomiting of blood

Hematoma

a blood-cyst, hematocyst; a tumor containing enfussed blood

Hematuria

the passage of blood in the urine

Hemoptysis

bleeding from the lungs or bronchial tubes

Hemophilia

an inherited hemorrhagic disease characterized by a tendency to excessive and somtimes spontaneous bleeding

Hemorrhage

bleeding, a flow of blood, especially if it is very profuse

Hepatitis

inflammation of the liver

Hydrocele

a collection of serous fluid in a sacculated cavity

Hydronephrosis

dilation of the pelvis and calyces of one or both kidneys in consequence of obstruction of the flow of urine

Hydropericardium

abnormal accumulation of fluid within the paricadial sac

Hydrtothorax

a non-inflammatory effusion of serous fluid in the pleural cavity

Hyperemia

the presence of an icreased amount of blood in a part; congestion

Hypertrophy

increased size of a part form an increase in size of the cell

Hypoplasia

defective formation, incompletes development of a part

Iatrogenic

denoting a disease that is caused by the medical profession

Idiopathic

spontaneous orgin of a disease, without a recognizable cause

Inclusions

any foreign or heterogeneous substance contained in a cell or in any tissue or organ that was not introduced as a result of trauma

Infarction

the formation of an area of necrosis in a tissue caused by obstruction in the artery supplying the area

Infestation

harboring of animal parasites in microscopicform, such as ectoparasites and and anthropod endorparasites

Inflitration

the process of seepage or diffusion into tissue of substances that are not ordinarily present

Inflammation

a morbid change or series of reactions produced in the tissues by an irritant

Intoxication

state of being intoxicated, especially of being poisoned by a drug of toxic substance

Ischemia

local anemia; temporary lack of blood supply to an area

Jaundice

a yellowish staining of the integuments and deeper tissues and the excretions with bile pigments

Laceration

a tear or torn wound

Lesion

a wound or injury

Liver

the major organ for detoxification and production of bile

Leucocytosis

strictly, an increase in teh presence of white blood cells in the blood

Leukemia

a disorder in which the normal growth and development of white blood cells is out of control

Leukopenia

the opposite of leukemia in which there is abnormally low white blood cell count

Lipoma

a tumor coposed of fatty tissue

Lymphoma

a tumor composed of lymphoid tissues

Malformation (Anomaly)

a defect or deformity

Medicolegal (Forensic) Pathology

study of disease to ascertain cause and manner of death

Melanoma

a malignant pigmented mole

Melena

melenemesic, black vomit

Metaplasia

replacement of one type of tissue into a form that is not normall found there

Meningitis

inflammation of the membranes of the brain or spinal cord

Metastasis

the spread of tumor cells from one part of the body to another by blood or lymph

Microscopic Pathology (Histopathology)

stude of microscopic changes that cells, tissues and organs undergo as a result of disease

Moist (Wet) Gangrene

necrotic tissues that is wet as a result of inadequate venous drainage

Morbidity Rate

the ratio of sick to well in a community

Mortality Rate

the ratio of the number of deaths to the total population

Multiple Sclerosis

a chronic disease of the nervous system characterized by remissions and relapses and by the presence of patches of demyelination associated with sclerosis or hardening, scattered diffusely throughout the gray and white matter of the brian stem and spinal cord

Myelitis

inflammation of the muscular walls of the heart

Necrosis

Local death the death of more or less extensive groups of cell

Neoplasm

a new growth, tumor

Nephrolithiasis

renal claculus or gravel

Nosocomial

infrection acquired in a hospital

Oliguria

diminished amount of urine production

Osteomalacia

a disease marked by softening of the bones due to fault calcification in adulthood

Osteomyelitis

inflammation of bone and bone marrow

Oophoritis

inflammation of an ovary

Osteoma

atumor formed of bone. It may occure as an overgrowth of or outgrowth from bone, but consituting an independenttumor

Osteoporosis

a disease of bone marked by increased from widening of the Haverisan canals and softness from absorption of the calcareous material

Osteosarcoma

a mixed osteoma and sarcoma; a bony tumor containing many imperfectly differentiated, vegetative, or embryonic cells

Pandemic

noting a disease affecting or attacking all, or a large proportion of, the population of a regionl; extensively epidemic

Papilloma

a circumscribed overgrowth or hypertrophy of the papillae- of a cutaneous or mucous surface

Parkinson's Disease

paralysis agitans

Pathogenesis

the process of production and development of a lesion

Patholicical Anatomy

study of structural changes in the body caused by disease

Peptic Ulcer

an ulcer of the mucous membrane of the stomach ro duodenum, caused by the haction of highly acid gastric juice

Pericarditis

inflammation of th pericardium, the membrance covering the heart and beginning of the great cessels

Peritonitis

inflammation of the peritoneum, or linign of the abdominal cavity

Petechia

a small hemorrhagin spot about the size of a pinhead due to a leakage from a capillary

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