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American Legal System/Civil Procedure

Civil law

The body of non-criminal law governing the actions and duties of individuals toward each other

Civil procedure

The system of laws and rules governing the manner in which civil lawsuits are filed and tried in court

Conflicts of law

As between state and federal laws, the question of which substantive law to apply in a given case

Criminal law

All laws enacted by the legislature to maintain order and safety in the society

Damages

Monetary compensation for injury caused by another

Defendant

The person defending a lawsuit

Federal courts

Those courts with primary jurisdiction in cases involving federal law

Injunction

A court order to a party to act, or cease acting, in a particular way

Jurisdiction

The authority of a court to hear a given case

Party

A person involved in a lawsuit

Plaintiff

The person bringing a lawsuit

Police power

The authority of the government to enforce the criminal law

Procedural law

The system of establishing and enforcing rights and of obtaining redress for the invasion of rights

Substantive law

The body of law that guides the conduct of citizens and provides redress for wrongs done

Tort

A civil wrong not arising from breach of contract

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