An electron pair acceptor
What is a Lewis Acid?
An electron pair donator
What is a Lewis Base?
The acid-base reaction involves the transfer of an electron pair
Definition of Lewis Acid-Base Reaction
Used mainly with dative bonds
When is Lewis Acids mainly used?
When a reaction forms 1 product only
What is a dative bond?
How readily the substances donates H+ ions in water
What is the measure of the strength of an acid?
Close to 100% ionisation
Ionisation is not fully complete
H2SO4, HCl, HNO3
Examples of strong acids
Ch3COOH, Carboxylic Acids, H2CO3
Examples of weak acids
How readily the substance accepts H+ ions and disassociates into ions in an aqueous solution
What is the measure of the strength of a base?
Readily dissocociates into ions in an aqueous solution
Only slightly dissociated in aqueous solution
Example of Strong Base
Example of Weak Base