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In this position, the body is in an erect, or standing, posture, facing directly forward, with the arms hanging down at the sides and the palms facing forward

anatomic position

meaning front

anter/o

means pertaining to

-ior

pertaining to the front

anterior

meaning back or behind

poster/o

it means something that pertains from the back to the front

posteroanterior

means belly or front

ventr/o

pertaining to

-al

pertaining to the belly or front

ventral

means back

dors/o

pertaining to the back

dorsal

indicates a position that is above

superior (cephalic)

defined as toward the head

cephalad

describe a downward direction

inferior (caudal)

means below

infer/o

means pertaining to the tail or lower part of the body

caud/o

is defined as pertaining to the side. It indicates a direction that is away from the body's midline

lateral

pertaining to the middle

medial

defined as toward the middle, may also be used to describe the location of a structure that is toward the midline of the body

mediad

means pertaining to the middle and to the side

mediolateral

means one

uni-

pertaining to one side

unilateral

means two

bi-

pertaining to two sides

bilateral

means near the point of attachment of a body part

proximal

means away from that point of attachment

distal

means to lie horizontally on the back (face up)

supine

involves lying face downward

prone

When directional terms are applied, it is assumed that the body is in the standard neutral position of reference known as the

anatomic postion

The abbreviation of the term that means pertaining to the back and to the front is

PA

The meaning of the prefix bi- is

two

The combining form meaning back, behind is

poster/o

In the medical term ventral, the word root means

belly (front)

The word part that completes the medical term meaning toward the head, _______/ad, is

cephal

The combining form super/o means

above

The combining form meaning near (the point of attachment) is

proxim/o

In the medical term medial, the word root means

middle

The word part that completes the medical term meaning pertaining to the back, poster/_______, is

-ior

The meaning of the suffix -ad is

toward

The combining form meaning side is

later/o

The combining form that means front is

anter/o

The combining form dist/o means

away (from the point of attachment)

When referring to humans, ventral is interchangeable with the term

anterior

The medical term that is a synonym for posterior is

dorsal

The medical term meaning pertaining to below is

inferior

The medical term dorsal means

pertaining to the back

The medical term that means pertaining to the tail is

caudal

The medical term anteroposterior means pertaining to the

front and to the back

The medical term meaning pertaining to a side is

lateral

The correct spelling of the medical term meaning pertaining to one side (only) is

unilateral

The medical term mediolateral means pertaining to the

middle and to the side

The correct spelling of the medical term meaning toward the head is

cephalad

The meaning of the medical term anterior is

pertaining to the front

The medical term meaning pertaining to away (from the point of attachment) is

distal

The abbreviation of the medical term meaning pertaining to the front is

ant

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