5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Muscle Tissue
- Anatomic Subdivisions of Nervous System
- Aristotle (384-322 BC)
- Factors that Determine Heat Production
- a Skeletal, Smooth, Cardiac
- b Any stress that changes a controlled condition (set point).
- c * Basal Metabolic Rate
* Shivering and non-shivering thermogenesis
* Metabolism due to hormonal activity
* Extra metabolism: stimulation of sympathetic nerves or cellular chemical activity
- d Central Nervous System and Peripheral Nervous System
- e Greek; supernatural causes - theologi; natural causes - physiologi; recognized that blood "percolates" through the kidneys.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- * These proteins span the entire lipid bilayer
* May act as ion channels and transporters (e.g. Na⁺, K⁺, Ca²⁺, and Cl⁻) across the membrane
* Act as receptors for neurotransmitter substances, receptors for nerve growth, and adhesion factors
- (Intracellular fluid component) ~1.6 liters in adults
- Comprised of the brain which stores information and compares to it, generates thoughts, and creates emotions and ambitions; as well as the interneurons (90% of the neurons in the central nervous system) that bridge the gap between sensory and motor neurons that receive information from different sources, interpret and transmit information to other cells, and store it in memory.
- Studied animal motions; basis of muscle contraction resided in the muscle fibers.
- The fluid surrounding the cells and is the internal environment of the body - the internal milieu; constantly circulating through the blood and lymph vessels, and into the spaces between the tissue cells; contains nutrients, ions and gases necessary for the survival of the body cells.
5 True/False Questions
Oxidation of Nutrients → Sympathetic nerves stimulated: dermal vasoconstriction and stimulated arrector pilli.
Chemical Thermogenesis (Mechanism) → Long-term mechanism for generating body heat. Sympathetic nerves produce epinephrine and nor epinephrine and release into blood, and the thyroid releases thyroxin. Increased cellular metabolism and metabolic rate.
Walter Cannon (1871-1945) → Coined the term "homeostasis" - the body's tendency to maintain relatively stable internal conditions (the CENTRAL unifying concept of physiology).
Neuroglia → Crisis of fever occurring at the end of febrile condition. Patient has 105 °F temperature, hypothalamus trying to maintain 98.6 °F and is still hot, leads to intense sweating and vasodilatation causing the skin to be hot.
Flush → Crisis of fever occurring at the end of febrile condition. Patient has 105 °F temperature, hypothalamus trying to maintain 98.6 °F and is still hot, leads to intense sweating and vasodilatation causing the skin to be hot.