Med Term (module 3 section 2)

Created by kool1776 

Upgrade to
remove ads

Frontal Plane

(1) is a vertical plane that divides the body into anterior and posterior parts

Sagittal plane

(2) is any vertical plane that divides the body into right and left sides

if a sagittal section is made in the midline, it is called a

midsagittal plane

is any plane that divides the body into unequal right and left sides

parasagittal plane

Transverse Plane

(3) is any plane that runs horizontally through the body, dividing it into superior (upper) and inferior (lower) parts

the abdominal and pelvic cavities are often referred to as the

abdominopelvic regions

hypochondriac regions

(1,7) abdominopelvic regions: the upper right and left sections

epigastric region

(4) abdominopelvic regions: the area directly superior to the umbilical region, generally found overlying the stomach

lumbar region

(2,8) abdominopelvic regions: The middle right and left sections, near the waist, are the

umbilical region

umbilical region (5)

illiac regions or inguinal regions

(3,9) lower (L) & (R) sections, the upper portion of the hip bone. Because the iliac regions are near the groin, they are also called the

lies inferior to the umbilical region

hypogastric region (6)

right upper quadrant (RUQ)

contains the right lobe of the liver, the gallbladder, part of the pancreas, portions of the small and large intestines, and the right kidney

left upper quadrant (LUQ)

contains the left lobe of the liver, the stomach, the spleen, part of the pancreas, and portions of the large and small intestines

right lower quadrant (RLQ)

contains parts of the small and large intestines, appendix, right ureter, and the right fallopian tube and ovary in women, or the right spermatic duct in men

left lower quadrant (LLQ)

are portions of the intestinal tract, left ureter, and the left fallopian tube and ovary in women, or the left spermatic duct in men

means to be lying down in any position

recumbent

means to lie horizontally on the back

supine

involves lying face downward

prone

Fowler postion

is a semi-sitting position with slight elevation of the knees

Trendelenburg position

the patient is on his or her back but with the body tilted to place the head lower than the feet

requires the patient to lie supine, but with the legs raised and feet in stirrups

lithotomy position

involves turning the patient onto his or her left side with the right knee drawn up and the left arm drawn behind, parallel to the back

sims postion

requires the patient to sit erect in a chair or upright in bed supported by pillows behind the head and chest

orthopnea postion

Imaginary vertical and horizontal lines drawn through the umbilicus form the

abdominopelvic palne

The horizontal field dividing the body into superior (or upper) and inferior (or lower) portions is the

transverse plane

A vertical field running through the body from front to back, dividing the body into right and left sides is a

sagittal plane

The coronal plane is also called the

frontal plane

The parasagittal plane could best be described as an imaginary field running through the body and dividing it into

unequal right and left sides

The frontal plane could best be described as an imaginary field running through the body and dividing it into

anterior and posterior portions

The medical term meaning to the right and left of the umbilical region, near the waist is

lumbar region

The umbilical region refers to

around the navel (umbilicus)

The correct spelling of the region referring to the right and left of the epigastric region is

hypochodriac

The epigastric region refers to

the region superior to the umbilical region

The medical term referring to the area that contains the right lobe of the liver, the gallbladder, part of the pancreas, and portions of the small and large intestines is the

RUQ

The medical term referring to the area that contains portions of the intestinal tract, the left ureter, the left fallopian tube and ovary in women, and the left spermatic duct in men is the

LLQ

RLQ abbreviates

right lower quadrant

In the Radiology Department, Patient A is directed to lie face up on the exam table, whereas Patient B is directed to lie face down. Both of these patients can be said to be in the ___ position

recumbent

Mr. B is recovering from a head injury, so the Emergency Department physician orders that he be positioned in a semi-sitting position with slight elevation of the knees. From this, we know that Mr. B is being placed in the ___ position.

Fowler

Ms. T arrives at the Physical Therapy Department for her therapeutic massage to relieve her sciatica. She is directed to lie on her abdomen, facing downward. Mrs. T is being placed in the ___ position

prone

Mr. H arrives at the outpatient surgical center to have a benign tumor removed from the top of his head. The pre-op nurse directs Mr. H to a chair and asks him to sit erect, with a pillow behind him for support, and lean forward on two large pillows. Mr. H is being arranged in the ___ position

orthopnea

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set