A Portuguese ship commander who reached the southern tip of Africa in 1488.
The political system that developed in western Europe during the Middle Ages in which the king gave estates to nobles in exchange for their military support.
A ship with multiple sails that was easier to steer and that made travel much faster.
An intellectual revolution in Western Europe that began in 1350 and lasted until around 1600.
Military expeditions by European Christians in the late 1000's to the 1200's to regain the Holy Land from the Muslims.
A device that uses the position of the sun to determine direction, latitude and local time.
The economic system in Western Europe during the Middle Ages in which peasants provided services for the lord of a manor in return for his protection.
The empire that dominated much of Europe for centuries, but collapsed by AD 500.
Henry the Navigator
A prince of Portugal who set up a center for studying astronomy and geography in Portugal in 1419.
A peasant who worked the land of a manor and who was not allowed to leave it without permission.
Triangle shaped sails that made it possible to sail against the wind.
Vasco da Gama
A Portuguese ship commander who found a water route to Asia from Portugal by sailing around the tip of Africa.