Point of View
first, second, third, or omniscient, an author's stance affects his or her relationship with the topic and audience.
Call to Action
one of the devices of repetition, in which the same expression (word or words) is repeated for the effect at the beginning of two or more lines, clauses, or sentences.
arguments that draw on recognized experts or persons with highly relevant experience are said to rest on authoritative backing or authority; readers are expected to accept claims if they are in agreement with an authority's view.
a short, often autobiographical, narrative told to achieve a purpose such as to provide and example, an illustration, or a thematic truth.
to accept an opposing argument as true, valid, or accurate.
pathetic, sympathy amd e,pathy; whenever you accept a claim based on how it makes you feel without fully analyzing the rationale behind the claim; can be related to any emotion: love, fear, patiotism, guilt, hate, or joy; compel people to listen and take action.
repetition of a grammatical structure in which ideas or parts of an idea are similarly developes or arranged.
an attempt to argue based in logical relationships a reader will find hard to refute; in academic argumentation, logical appeals are made primaryily through the use of acceptable proof; however, a writer can also argue from a logical relationship.