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color schemes

the choices of color grouping that artists work with

arbitrary color

when artists ignore the real colors of objects and instead make color choices that support personal preference and express meaning

monochromatic

color scheme involving the use of one color plus tints and shades of that color

tint

created by adding white to the color

shade

created by adding black to the color

value

the darkness or lightness of a color

blending

when the value is gradually changed from lightness to darkness with a smooth transition

complementary colors

colors that are opposite each other on the color wheel. they are considered to have the greatest contrast between one another

color wheel

the spectrum of colors bent into a circle

intensity

the brightness or dullness of a hue

split complementary

color scheme when an artist uses a color and the colors on each side of its complement

color triads

using three colors that are spaced in equal distance apart

primary colors

red, blue, yellow

secondary colors

purple, green, orange

intermediate colors

created by mixing two primary colors plus its secondary color

analogous colors

using colors that are next to each other on the color wheel

warm colors

red, orange, yellow

cool colors

blue, green, violet, gray

color can also be used to create _____ in a composition.

depth

space

element through which all other elements may exist

composition

the artist's attempt to arrange subject matter within a given space

positive space

the area occupied by the shape(s) in a composition

negative space

the area around the shapes in a composition

a composition can be _______ in various ways

balanced

symmetrically

when the design appears exactly the same on both sides from the center

assymmetrically

appears balanced but is not exacly the same on both sides of the center

radial balance

represented by any design which moves from the center out

line

element that can be described as the path of a moving point

shape

an area apparently enclosed by a line

form

when a shape takes on 3D qualities

soft edges

organic

hard edges

geometric

irregular

freeform

contour line

has varied line weight, is continuous, and accurately follows the surface and edge of a form

depth of space

attempt to create illusion of images which go back into space

perspective

using lines to create an accurate representation of 3D objects on a 2D plane

picture plane

the area defined to be drawn

horizon line

a line which represents the eye level of the viewer drawn across the page

vanishing point

an area which represents where the viewer can no longer see into deep space

one-point perspective

the plane of an object that is parallel to the line-of-sight contains vertical and horizontal lines while the lines that show depth convergence to the vanishing point

two-point perspective

the corner of the object is parallel to the line-of-sight and both sides converge to vanishing points in opposite directions

point-of-view

the angle from which you see an object

texture

element that refers to how things feel and look as if they might feel if touched

composition

the intentional arrangement of subject matter

rhythm

an attempt to create a sense of movement in a composition through the repitition of elements

motif

a unit that is repeated in visual rhythm

gradation

any gradual change in an element such as gradation in color or value

variety

attempt to avoid sameness or monotony

unity

quality of wholeness or oneness

proximity

limiting the negative space between shapes

proportion

principle concerned with size relationships of one part to another

emphasis

makes one part of a work dominant over the other parts

contrast

the difference among the elements in a work of art

harmony

creates unity by stressing the similarities of sparate but related parts

real texture

the actual change in the surface quality

simulated texture

attempt to imitate an acual texture by reproducing a visual illusion of a real texture

invented texture

attempt to create new textures which are not trying to imitate, but trying to invent new textural images

landscape

painting or drawing in which natural land scenery is the main feature

cityscape

represents an image of a city or part of a city

portrait

image of a person

media

material used to create a piece of artwork

mixed-media

combination of two or more processes to create an artwork

additive

adding material while creating a sculpture

assembling

when the artist gathers and joins together a variety of different materials to make a sculpture

modeling

when a soft, pilable material is built up and shaped

subtractive

materials are taken away from the mian object to create a sculpture

in-the-round sculpture

a person can view the sculpture from the front, side, and back views

relief

can only be seen from the front because it is carved out from its base

art criticism

an organized approach for studying a work of art

aesthetics

a branch of philosophy concerned with the nature and value of art

imitationalism

focuses on realistic representation and literal qualities

formalism

places emphasis on design qualities and how well the work is organized

emotionalism

requires that a work of art must arouse a response of feeling, moods, or emotions in the viewer

Michelangelo

a Renaissance artist who was famous for his realistic sculpture

Photorealism

using photographs as reference to create the artwork

Pablo Picasso

influenced by the simple, geometric designs of African masks

abstract

in which objects are made into distorted shapes

Aaron Douglas

worked in the abstract manner

non-objective

artwork with no recognizable subject matter

mass/graphic communication

art trying to convince the public on a social, political issue or try to get consumers to buy a product

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