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define Normal anxiety

diffuse, unpleasant, vague sense of apprehension accompanied by autonomic symptoms

what is the purpose of normal anxiety?

alerting signal, warns of danger and allows person to take measure to deal with threat

normal anxiety is a response to a threat that is ...(4)

unknown, internal, vague, conflictual

Neurochemical model of anxiety: what causes anxiety and what are the THREE physical symptoms?

activation of autonomic nervous system, tachycardia, diarrhea, tachypnea

Neurochemical model of anxiety: what THREE neurotransmitters are involved in anxiety?

NE, 5-HT, GABA

Neurochemical model of anxiety: one does one induce a panic attack? (2)

administer NE, 5-HT releasers; GABA antagonists

Neurochemical model of anxiety: how do we know that GABA is involved?

high efficacy of benzodiazepine agents

genetic model of anxiety: 3 key facts

high rate of familial inheritance, greater in monozygotic than dizygotic twins, modeled or learned behavior

Behavioral model of anxiety: what is anxiety?

a conditioned response to a specific environmental stimuli

Panic Attack symptoms: 3 physical

sweating, trembling, chills/hot flush

Panic Attack symptoms: 5 system symptoms

palpitations/pounding heart, shortness of breath, choking feeling, chest pain, abdominal distress, Paresthesia (tingling sensation)

Panic Attack symptoms: 4 mental symptoms

feelings of unreality, fear of losing control/going crazy, fear of dying

define social phobia; what happens when a person is forced into or anticipates being in a social situation?

excessive/unreasonable fear/avoidance of social situations; situation endured with intense anxiety and stress (INDISTINGUISHABLE FROM A PANIC ATTACK)

specific phobia: how common? define? treatment? (2)

most common anxiety disorder, irrational/excessive fear of specific objects/situation, grader exposure or flooding

specific symptoms of PTSD (4)

intrusive symptoms, avoidance behavior, numbing, hyperarousal symptoms

specific symptoms of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) (8)

excessive anxiety and difficult to control worry, significant distress/impairment, difficulty concentrating, irritability, restlessness, muscle tension, fatigue

specific symptoms of OCD? (9)

checking, washing, repeating/counting, ordering/symmetry, hoarding, harming obsessions, religious/sexual rituals, primary obsessional slowness, pure obsessionals w/o action

what is it called when you refuse to go somewhere because you are afraid you will have a panic attack?

agorophobia

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