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70 phonograms based on Sanseri

a

/a/, /A/, /ah/

/a/ - am
/A/ - a pron
/ah/ - wasp

c

/k/, /s/

/k/ - cat
/s/ - cit y

g

/g/, /j/

/g/ - big
/j/ - gym

o

/o/, /O/, /OO/

/o/ - ox
/O/ - go
/OO/ - to

s

/s/, /z/

/s/ - sent
/z/ - as

qu

/kw/

/kw/ - queen

advanced: /k/ - conquer

e

/e/, /E/

/e/ - elk
/E/ - be

b

/b/

crib

i

/i/, /I/

/i/ - it
/I/ - i vy

English words do not end with "i". At the end of a word we either substitute Y for the "i" or add a silent "e".

j

/j/

jam

J is used at the beginning of a syllable but never at the end of English words.

u

/u/, /U/, /oo/

/u/ - us
/U/ - u nit
/oo/ - put

v

/v/

o ver

w

/w/

walk

y

/y/, /i/, /I/, /E/

/y/ - yard
/i/ - gym
/I/ - my
/E/ - ba by

x

/ks/

/ks/ - fox

advanced: /z/ - xylophone

sh

/sh/
/sh/ - she, dish
rule: used at the beginning of a word, at the end of a syllable, but not at the beginning of any syllable after the first one, except for the ending 'ship'

th

/th/, /TH/

/th/ - think (unvoiced)
/TH/ - thus (voiced)

oo

/OO/, /oo/, /O/

/OO/ - food
/oo/ - took
/O/ - floor
Don't eat the food you took from the floor.
In reading we cannot determine which sound to use except by context.

ee

/E/ - double /E/

tree

er

/er/ as in her

Her church first worships early.

oy

/oy/ that we may use at the end of English words.

boy

beginning: oyster; middle: royal; end: boy

oi

/oy/ that we may not use at the end of English words

boil

ch

/ch/, /k/, sh/

/ch/ - child
/k/ - Christ
/sh/ - chef

ow

/ow/, /O/

/ow/ - plow
/O/ - snow

ou

/ow/, /O/, /OO/, /u/

/ow/ - our
/O/ - fourth
/OO/ - tour
/u/ - fa mous

ay

/A/ - 2 letter /A/ that we may use at the end of English words

/A/ - say

advanced: /I/ - bayou

ai

/A/ - 2 letter /A/ that we may NOT use at the end of English words.

pail

ea

/E/, /e/, /A/

/E/ - beat
/e/ - bread
/A/ - break

or

/or/

Lord

ui

/OO/

fruit

ng

/ng/
ring

ar

/ar/

car

wh

/wh/

wheel (unvoiced)

aw

/aw/ that we may use at the end of English words

saw

au

/aw/ that we may NOT use at the end of English words

pau per

ck

/k/ - 2 letter /k/

back
used only after a single vowel saying its short sound

oe

/O/ - 2 letter /O/ that we may use at the end of English words

hoe

exceptions: shoe, canoe

oa

/O/ - 2 letter /O/ that we may NOT use at the end of English words

soat

ed

/ed/, /d/, /t/

/ed/ - traded
/d/ - pulled
/t/ - picked

ur

/er/ as in church

ir

/er/ as in first

w or

/er/ as in worship

ear

/er/ as in early

igh

/I/ - 3 letter /I/

night

ie

/E/, /I/

/E/ - thief
/I/ - tie

dge

/j/ - 3 letter /j/

edge

used only after a single vowel which says its short sound

wr

/r/ - 2 letter /r/

wreck

ti

/sh/ - tall /sh/ - used at the beginning of any syllable after the first

na tion

ci

/sh/ - short /sh/ used at the beginning of any syllable after the first

so cial

si

/sh/, /zh/ - used at the beginning of any syllable after the first.

/sh/ - di gres sion
/zh/ - di vi sion

tch

/ch/ - 3-letter /ch/

butch er

eigh

/A/ - 4-letter /A/

eight

ei

/A/, /E/, /i/ - that we may NOT use at the end of English words.

/A/ - their
/E/ - ceil ing
/i/ - for eign

ph

/f/ - 2-letter /f/

phone

ey

/A/, /E/, /i/ - that we may use at the end of English words

/A/ - they
/E/ - key

kn

/n/ - 2-letter /n/ used only at the beginning of a base word

knee

gn

/n/ - 2-letter /n/ used both at the beginning and end of a base word

gnarled
sign

ough

/O/, /OO/, /uff/, /off/, /aw/, /ow/

/O/ - dough /OO/ - through
/uff/ - rough /off/ - cough
/aw/ - bought /ow/ - bough

ew

/OO/, /U/ that we may use at the end of English words.

/OO/ - flew
/U/ - few

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