You observe a large cell with a "U" shaped nucleus in a leukocyte. This cell is most likely a(n):
Leukocytosis is a functional characteristic of leukocytes T/F
False (amoeboid motion, diapedesis, positive chemotaxis)
Which of the following represents a difference between extrinsic and intrinsic blood clotting cascades? One is faster than the other. One is triggered by tissue damage while the other cannot be triggered by tissue damage. One leads to the production of prothrombin activator and the other does not.
one is faster than the other
Which of the following would not lead to a bleeding disorder? Impaired liver function; Excess calcium in the diet; Thrombocytopenia; Vitamin K deficiency
excess calcium in the diet
Which of the following scenarios could result in HDN (hemolytic disease of the newborn)? O+ female pregnant with a B+ baby; AB- female pregnant with an AB- baby.; B- female pregnant with an AB+ baby.; A+ female pregnant with a B- baby.
B- female pregnant with an AB+ baby.
Which of the following does not serve as a site for blood cell production in the developing fetus? Spleen; Red bone marrow; Fetal yolk sac; Liver; Intestines
Choose the compatible transfusion. Donate type AB blood to a recipient with type B blood; Donate type A blood to a recipient with type B blood; Donate type O blood to a recipient with type AB blood; Donate type B blood to a recipient with type O blood.
Donate type O blood to a recipient with type AB blood.
Which of the following is NOT a part of hemostasis? vascular relaxation; coagulation; vascular spasm; platelet plug formation
Which of these is not a normal plasma protein? gamma globulin; thromboplastin; albumin; fibrinogen
Which of the following might trigger erythropoiesis? an increased number of RBCs; hypoxia of EPO-producing cells; moving to a lower altitude; decreased tissue demand for oxygen
hypoxia of EPO-producing cells
James has a hemoglobin measurement of 16 g/100 ml blood. This is above/below/within the normal range
Place the following in correct developmental sequence:1. Reticulocyte 2. Proerythroblast 3. Normoblast 4. late erythroblast
2, 4, 3, 1
Complications of aplastic anemia generally do not include ________. increase of leukocytes as a result of erythrocyte loss; bleeding disorders; impaired formation of all formed elements; suppressed immunity
increase of leukocytes as a result of erythrocyte loss
____ is a pivotal molecule associated with the external surfaces of aggregated platelets and is involved in the intrinsic and extrinsic mechanisms of blood clotting?
Thromboembolic disorders include embolus formation, a clot moving within the circulatory system T/F
A patient complains of no energy, a chronic sore throat, a low-grade fever, and is tired and achy. His doctor notes an enlarged spleen upon examination. What diagnosis would you expect, and what definitive test would you request?
The diagnosis is infectious mononucleosis. The test would be a differential white blood cell count to look for elevated numbers of monocytes and atypical lymphocytes.
A total WBC count and a differential WBC count have been ordered for Mrs. Johnson. What information is obtained from the differential count that the total count does not provide?
The differential count determines the relative proportion of individual leukocyte types. The total WBC count indicates an increase or decrease in number of WBCs.
The primary source of RBCs in the adult human being is the bone marrow in the shafts of the long bones. T/F
________ is the stage of development in the life of an erythrocyte during which the nucleus is ejected.
Positive chemotaxis is a feedback system that signals leukocyte migration into damaged areas. T/F
Blood typing for the Kell, Lewis, and Duffy factors is always done before a blood transfusion. T/F
When neither anti-A sera nor anti-B sera clot on a blood plate with donor blood, the blood is type ________.
When can erythroblastosis fetalis not possibly happen in the child of an Rh negative mother? if the father is Rh-; if the child is Rh+; if the father is Rh+; if the child is type O positive
if the father is Rh-
Pernicious anemia may result from:
either by absence of Vitamin B12 in diet or by deficiency of intrinsic factor (necessary to absorb B12).
Which property do white blood cells have in common?
WBCs are nucleated and have a protective function.
Individuals with malaria have a better chance of surviving if they have which type of anemia?
sickle cell anemia
What types of white blood cells kills parasitic worms, destroys antibody complexes, and inactivates some inflammatory chemicals of allergy?
The percentage of total volume used to determine the number of erythrocytes in a blood sample is referred to as the:
RBC's are efficient oxygen transporters because t hey generate ATP by anaerobic mechanisms and do not consume any of the oxygen they carry. T/F
Macrocytic anemia is an illustration of iron deficiency seen in individuals who have expanded their blood by increased activity. T/F
False (true is athlete's anemia. Macrocytic anemia is caused by vitamin B12 deficiency.
The process of actively metabolizing oxygen to produce bleach and hydrogen to kill bacteria is known as:
Thromboxane A2 is responsible for limiting a platelet plug to the immediate area of damage? T/F
False (Thromboxane A2 attracts more platelets to the site of damage and increases vascular spasm in the damaged area. Prostacyclin limits the platelet plug to the immediate damaged area.)
Erythroblastosis fetalis is caused by:
An increase in the number of erythrocytes in the newborn does not cause erythroblastosis fetalis. Rh incompatibility between an Rh-negative mother and her Rh-positive baby during pregnancy would cause erythroblastosis fetalis.
Which of the following plasma expanders would be associated with the least complications? Dextran; human serum albumin; Hetastarch; Ringer's Solution
Eighty-five percent of Americans carry the ______ Rh agglutinogen on their RBCs.
Eighty-five percent of Americans carry the *D* Rh agglutinogen on their RBCs.
Which antibodies would be found in the serum of a person with AB blood?
A person with AB blood has neither anti-A nor anti-B antibodies.
Each hemoglobin molecule has four polypeptide chains: two alpha chains and two beta chains. T/F
Eosinophils are erythrocytes that fight parasitic infection or allergic reaction. T/F
False (Eosinophils are leukocytes that defend the body against parasite infections and lessen the severity of allergic reactions.)
Hemoglobin serves to transport oxygen, but NOT carbon dioxide. T/F
False (About 20% of carbon dioxide is transported bound to hemoglobin.)
Reticulocytes are sometimes found in circulating blood and are filled with hemoglobin and some ribosomes. T/F
True (Reticulocytes are precursors of RBC.)
The buffy coat in centrifuged blood contains RBC and platelets. T/F
False (The buffy coat contains leukocytes and platelets.)
The RBC count in both men and women is between 5.1 and 5.8 million per microliter of blood. T/F
False (Women have a slightly lower RBC count than men.)
Vitamin D is essential for the synthesis of RBC. T/F
False (B-complex vitamins are essential for the production of RBC.)
One of the regulatory functions of blood is to maintain normal temperatures in body tissues. T/F
The most abundant component of plasma is protein. T/F
False (The most abundant component of plasma is water.)
Blood cell formation is referred to as hemostasis. T/F
False (Blood cell formation is referred to as hemopoiesis (or hematopoiesis).)
Blood is NOT important in the regulation of the body's pH. T/F
False (Plasma proteins and bicarbonate ions are very important in maintaining pH.)
Albumin serves an immune system function T/F
False (It has a significant role in regulating plasma osmotic pressure. It also acts as a carrier protein and a blood buffer. Albumin is not an immunological protein.)
Hemolytic disease of the newborn (HDN) can develop when an Rh+ woman is pregnant with an Rh- baby. T/F
False Hemolytic disease of the newborn (HDN) can develop when an Rh- mother carries an Rh+ fetus. HDN is unlikely to develop in an Rh- female's first pregnancy with an Rh+ baby. However, HDN can develop in a subsequent pregnancy with an Rh+ baby.