The line, or tune, in music.
How the melody moves up and down.
Span of pitches in a melody.
The distance between any two pitches.
Describes a melody that moves in small, connected intervals.
Describes a melody that moves by leaps.
The units that make up a melody.
The resting place at the end of a phrase.
A secondary melody that accompanies the melody.
Describes the similarity in sound of the last syllables in each line of a song.
The high point in a melodic line, which usually represents a peak in intensity as well as in range.
What moves music forward in time.
Organizes beats through measures.
How meter is organized.
Basic unit of music.
Beginning beat of a measure, often strong.
Duple, triple, quadruple--most common meters.
Subdivide each beat into three, rather than two, subbeats.
Music with an obscured pulse.
A beat that is stronger than others.
Alternates a strong downbeat with a weak beat.
Three beats to a measure (one strong and two weak).
Four beats to a measure, accent on beat 1, sometimes a secondary accent on beat 3.
The last beat of a measure.
Accent is shifted to an offbeat.
A weak beat in between stronger beats.
Simultaneous use of rhythmic patterns than conflict with the underlying beat.
Grouping of irregular numbers of beats that add up to a larger overall pattern.
The vertical events in music (how they sound together).
Simultaneous sounding of three or more pitches.
Sequence of pitches.
A chord with three notes built on alternate pitches of a scale.
The central tone around which a melody and its harmonies are built.
The principle of organization that builds a melody and its harmonies around the tonic.
Unstable, or discordant tones.
Resolution of dissonance, producing a stable or restful sound.
An interval of eight notes.
A single sustained note against which melodic and rhythmic complexities unfold.
An octave is divided into twelve of them.
Two half steps.
Made up of twelve chronological half steps.
Built on patterns of seven whole and half steps that form major and minor scales. Both the melody and harmony are firmly rooted in the key in this type of music.
Intervals smaller than half steps.
tonic chord/rest chord
Chord built on the first scale tone.
Other chords in scale besides the tonic chord.
Shifting the pitch level of an entire work by the composer.
Changing the key during the work.
Raises tone by a half step.
Lowers tone by a half step.
Based around the central tone for which it is named.
Making a brief microtonal dip or rise from the original pitch.
Fifth scale step. Forms chief active chord.
Fourth scale step.