Test 1 : Greek and Roman Contributions to Civilization

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Mrs. Palmer's Advanced Modern World History (9th Grade Honors) Test 1: Greek Contributions to Civilization

philosophy

"philo" - love
"sophy" - knowledge
Lover(s) of knowledge

Socrates

-Father of Philospohy
-First teacher, very untraditional
-Hung out at the "agora" (market place)
-Question and answer technique (socratic method)
- Arrested and Killed for "corrupting of Athen's youth"

Three Teachings of Socrates

1.) Know thyself
2.) Question Everything
3.) Search for truth

Plato

Socrate's best student who recorded Socrates teachings in philosophy after his death. Opened the first school of Philosophy called the Academy. Also used dialouge to find the truth.

"The Republic"

Plato's the book on the government and perfect utopian society.

Aristotle

Opens the school "Lycumm" which taught philosophy, math, and science. Tutored Alexander the Great, and said "All things in Moderation" Two many books and teachings to count. Was Plato's student.

Comedies

A play where the hero wasn't suffering

Tragedies

A type of play where the hero suffers

Sophocles' Oedipus Rex

Oedipus the King (rex). Theme : Man trying to overcome his fate (destiny)

epic

The type of poem like Homer's "The Iliad" and "The Odyssey"

Pythagoras

Developed the therom A² + B² = C²
Relationship between the lengths and sides of right triangles

Hippocrates

"Father of Medicene"
Opened the first school of medicene and instituted the Hippocratic oath of becoming a doctor (still used today)

Hippocratic Oath

- I must do my best for you and cannot do any hurt or wrong intentionally
- I will give no deadly drug, even if it is asked of me
- In the house I enter I can not do any misdoings or have any corruption
- Everything I hear is a sacred secret

Democritus

"Father of the Atom"
All living things are composed of atom

Aristarchus

Earth and the planets revolve around the sun

Euclid

"Father of Geometry"

Eratosthenes

Said that the Earth was round and accurately estimated the Earth's circumference (how far around something is)

column

The greeks contributed this to the world of architecture

Doric

A simple column

Ionic

The moderatly ornate column "scrolling"

Corinthian

VERY ornate column "curly q's"

Acropolis

"High City" temple of Athena, up in in the city of athens

Parthenon

"best example of Greek Architecture"

Sculpture

This had emphasis on the human anatomy, beauty of the human body, detailed to the extreme, and you can see movement

"Winged Victory"

The statue of Nike without the head in 190 B.C. You can see the belly button, feather lines, and rippling of the dress.

French, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, and Romanian

The five romance languages based on Latin are:

oma

This word is a medical term used for tumor

itis

This word is a medical term which means swelling or inflammation

ectomy

The medical term means to take out or remove from body

binomial nomenclature

Helps us organize the type of animals and classes of nature. Homo sapiens

Ante Meridian

Means the A.M. hours of morning

Post Meridian

Means the P.M. of the hours of afternoon

MCMXCVII

The roman numeral for 1997 is:

MDCLXV

The roman numeral for 1665 is:

1784

The roman numeral MDCCLXXXIV means what year?

ancient history

the time zone spanning from 4,000 to 500 AD. Starts at the first written record of history in 4,000 and ends at the fall of rome in 500 AD.

Anno Domini

The the letters A.D. are the words ___ ___ in Latin

"In the year of my lord"

Anno Domini means what in Latin?

Medieval History

The "Middle" Period of history starts at the fall of Rome in 500 AD and ends at the "Renaissance" in 1400 AD.

Modern History

Begins with the Renaissance in 1400 AD to this modern day. Everyone started to write again and the rebirth of ancient history

200 AD

Rome conqures Greece in this year

Flickr Creative Commons Images

Some images used in this set are licensed under the Creative Commons through Flickr.com. Click to see the original works with their full license.

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