concentrates on patterns of human activity and on their relationships with the environment.
the study of physical features of the earth's surface
exact location of a place on the earth described by global coordinates
the regional position or situation of a place relative to the position of other places
observing variations in geographic phenomena across space
a diagrammatic representation of the earth's surface (or part of it)
An internal representation of a portion of Earth's surface based on what an individual knows about a place, containing personal impressions of what is in a place and where places are located.
the act of distributing or spreading or apportioning
a customary way of operation or behavior
An area in which everyone shares in one or more distinctive characteristics
Functional (nodal) region
an area organized around a node or focal point.
Perceptual (vernacular) region
A region that only exists as a conceptualization or an idea and not as a physically demarcated entity.
The acquisition of data about Earth's surface from a satellite orbiting the planet or other long-distance methods.
Geographic Information Systems
A collection of computer hardware and software that permits spatial data to be collected, recorded, stored, retrieved, manipulated, analyzed, and displayed to the user.
the act of dispersing or diffusing something
The spread of a feature or trend among people from one area to another in a snowballing process.
The spread of a feature or trend through bodily movement of people from one place to another.
the adoption of the behavior patterns of the surrounding culture
the process of assimilating new ideas into an existing cognitive structure
cultural borrowing that occurs when different cultures of approximately equal complexity and technological level come into close contact
The rapid, widespread diffusion of a feature or trend throughout a population.
a form of diffusion in which an idea or innovation spreads by passing first among the most connected places or peoples down to others
The spread of an underlying principle, even though a specific characteristic is rejected.
the term for a trait with many cultural hearths that developed independent of each other
the view that the natural environment has a controlling influence over various aspects of human life including cultural development
The theory that the physical environment may set limits on human actions, but people have the ability to adjust to the physical environment and choose a course of action from many alternatives.
the raising of plants or animals
the spread of cultural elements from one society to another
landscapes that have been changed by human societies
A center where cultures developed and from which ideas and traditions spread outward.
A single element of normal practice in a culture, such as the wearing of a turban.
A related set of cultural traits, such as prevailing dress codes and cooking and eating utensils.
The combination of the cultural traits that is in a group that spreads over an area.
an area in which a group of people share a similar culture and language
a collection of elements that form a groups culture
the notion that successive societies leave their cultural imprints on a place, each contributing to the cumulative cultural landscape
Culture traditionally practiced by a small, homogeneous, rural group living in relative isolation from other groups.
Culture found in a large, heterogeneous society that shares certain habits despite differences in other personal characteristics.
the process though which something is given monetary value