Unit 1 Psychology's history and approaches

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structuralism

an early school of psychology that used introspection to explore the structural elements of a human mind

introspection

looking inward

behavior

is anything an organism does that can be observed and recorded

psychology

the science of behavior and mental processes

functionalism

a school of psychology that focused on how our mental and behavioral processes funtion-- how they enable us to adapt, survive ,and flouish

evolutionary psycology

the study of the roots of behavior and mental processes using the principles of naural selection

social psychologists

exploring how we view and affect one another

natural selection

nature selects the traits that best enable an organism to survive annd reproduce in paticularenviroment

empirlism

the view that knowledge originates in experience that science should, therefore,rely on observation and experimentation

psychometrics

the scientific study of measurement of human abilities , attitudes, and traits

developmental psychologists

studying our changing abilities from womb to tomb

psychiatrists

a branch of medicine dealing with psychological; practiced by phyicians who often give drugs

psychodynamic psychology

a branch of psychology that studies how unconscious drives and conflicts infuence behavior uses that info to treat people with psyhological disorders

counseling psychologists

a brance of psychology that asssisst people with problems i n living and archeving greater well being

industrial organizational psychologists

the apllication of psychological concepts and methods to optimizing human behavior in workplaces

basic research

pure science that aims to increase the scientific knowledge base

human factors psychologists

a branch of psychology that explores how people and machines interact and how many machines and physical enviroments can be made safe and easy to use

applied research

scientific study that aims to solve practical problems

cognitive

the scientific study of all the mental activites associates with thinking, knowing,remembering and commnicating

biological psychologists

exploring the links b/w brain and mind

biopsychsocial approach

biological, psychological , and scoial cultural levels and analysis

cognitive psychologists

experimenting with how we perceive think and solve problems

behaviorism

the scientific study of observable behavior

biological

a brance of psychology concerned with the links b/w biology anf behavior

behavioral psychology

the scientific study of observable behavior, and its explanation of principles of learning

experimental psycologists

who explore and thinking with experiments

mental processes

are the internal subjective expereinces we infer from behavior - sensations , perceptions, dreams, thought , beliefs and feelings

nature nurture issue

someone innate qualities vs. personal expriences

clinical psychologists

a branch of psychology that studies, assesses and treat people with psycological disorders.

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