Music Appreciation Unit 1

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chromatic

a 12 tone scale, including all the semitones in the octave is called:

a key

a group of related tones with a common center, a tonic, is called:

it has a lowered third degree

What characterizes the minor scale?

an interval

the distance between 2 pitches

duple

meter most likely associated with a march

countermelody

one melody added to, or played against, another melody is called a

measures

meter is marked off in groups called

compound meters

meters in which each beat is subdivided into 3 rather than 2 are known as

polyrhythm

the simultaneous use of two or more rhythmic patters is called

harmony

the depth resulting from simultaneous events in music is described by the term

homophonic

most traditional and contemporary popular songs are performed in ________ texture

imitation

the procedure in which a melodic idea is presented in one voice and then restated in another is called

form

the quality of work of art that represents structure or shape refers to its

repition and contrast

the basic structural concepts in the element of form are

strophic form

a vocal work in which each poetic stanza is sung to the same melody is in :

improvisation

the technique through which performers create music on the spot is known as:

motives

a basic technique in thematic development is the fragmentation of themes into:

call and response

a singing style that features a leader who is imitated by a group is called:

all of the above

ostinato procedure, or the repetitive use of short melodic, rhythmic, or harmonic patterns is common in:
a) rock
b) blues
c) jazz
d) all of the above

presto

Which is not a slow tempo?
a) grave
b) largo
c) presto
d) adagio

crescendo

the gradual swelling of volume

expressive content

The markings for tempo and dynamics contribute most directly to:
a) expressive content
b) the form
c) the thematic development
d) the tonality

timbre

the color of a tone

aerophones

instruments that produce sound by using air as the vibrating means are called:

membranophones

drum-type instruments fall into this category

oral transmission

the preservation of music without the help of written notation is called

spiritual songs and spirituals at a revival

Which is not considered entertainment:
a) symphonies
b) jazz and blues
c) Japanese music performed in tea houses
d) spirituals sung at revivals

8

How many notes in a scale does an octave span?

12

In Western music, the octave is divided into how many equal intervals?

C# or Db

on the piano, the black key between C and D

pitch

highness or lowness of tone

rhythm

the controlled movement of music in time

timbre

quality of sound distinguishing one voiceor instrument from another

texture

harmonic and melodic interweaving

dynamics

loudness or softness

frequency

number of vibrations/ second

higher

If the vibration is faster the tone will sound ________

note

a musical sound on paper

duration

the length of time the vibration can be heard

acoustic music

music produced without electronics especially amplifiers

sound

vibrations perceived by the human ear, a musical sound is described by the pitch and duration

vibration

fluctuation of pitch used to make a higher or lower sound

amplitude

degree of loudness or softness

pitch

highness or lowness of tone

hertz

a measurement of frequency

decibel

a unit of measurement for amplitude or volume

note

a musical symbol denoting pitch and duration

duration

length of time something lasts

volume

degree of loudness or softness

frequency

rate of vibration of a string or column of air which determines pitch

noise

sounds without distinct pitch

climax

the high point in a melodic line, which usually represents a peak in intensity as well as range

countermelody

the relative importance of one melody over thee other is clear, the added tune is called a ________

conjunct

smooth, connected melody that moves principally by small intervals

disjunct

disjointed or disconnected melody with many leaps

interval

the distance between pitches

phrase

a unit of meaning within a larger structure

cadence

ends a phrase in a resting place which punctuates the music in the same way that a comma or a period punctuates a sentence

additive meter

patterns of beats that subdivide into smaller, irregular groups; common in certain Eastern European musics

range

the distance between the highest and lowest note

contour

overall shape as it turns upward, downward, or remains static

duple meter

the most basic pattern, alternates a strong beat with a weak one

offbeat

a weak beat or any pulse between beats in a measured rhythmic pattern

polyrhythm

the simultaneous use of several rhythmic patterns or meters, common in 20th century music and in certain African musics

meters

organizing patterns of rhythmic pulses are called ______

measures

rhythmic pulses are marked off in _____

mearsure lines

measures are marked off by ________

downbeat

first accented beat of each pattern

rhythmic complexities

occur with upbeats offbeats, syncopation, and polyrhythm

additive meters

used in some world music

nonmetric

some music is ______ or has an obscured pulse

downbeat

measures often begin with a strong ________

simple meters

duple, triple, and quadruple are the most common

compound meters

subdivide each beat into three, rather than 2, subbeats

triple meter

has 3 beats to a measure- one strong beat and two weak ones

rhythm

is what moves music forward in time

meter

marked off in measures, organizes the beats in music

compound meters

the beat is subdivided into 3

simple meters

meters which the beat has duple subdivisions

quadruple meter

contains 4 beats to a measure, primary accent on the first beat and a secondary accent on the third

upbeat

last beat of the measure, a weak beat, which anticipates the downbeat

syncopation

a deliberate upsetting of the normal pattern of accentuation

sextuple meter

most common compound meter, 6 beats to a measure, with accents on beats 1 and 4

harmony

the simultaneous events in music

chord

the simultaneous sounding of 3 or more pitches

scale

chords are built from a particular _____

scale

sequence of pitches

triad

most common chord in Western Music has 3 notes built on alternate pitches of a scale

tonic

the central tone around which melody and its harmonies are built

tonality

central tone around whihc a melody and its harmonies are built; this principle of organization is called _____

dissonance

created by an unstable, or discordant, harmony

consonance

occurs with the resolution of dissonance, producing a concordant sound

drone

a single sustained tone or ______, constitutes the harmony

octave

interval of 8 notes

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