Micro biology chpt 10

45 terms by resilient 

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

classification, common, relationship

Taxonomy:
-Science of organism ______
-Identifies organism to all scientists
-Eliminates confusion of ______ names
-Establishes ______ between groups of microbes

Carolus Linnaeus

Binomial nomenclature (2 names) was invented by who in (1735)?

genus

Nomenclature rules:
1st name = ______ (noun)

species

Nomenclature rules:
2nd name = ______ /specific epithet (adjective)

both

Nomenclature rules:
Underline or italicize (NOT _____)

second

Nomenclature rules:
____ time mentioned:
S. aureus or same thing underlined.

disease, where

Names of microbes based on:
Appearance, _______, researcher, _____ it is found

relationships

In taxonomy, the Heirarchy represents evolutionary/phylogenetic _______.

bacteria, archaea, eukarya

What are the three domains?

archaea

According to rRNA typing, which domain is closest to eukarya?

bacteria

According to rRNA typing, which domain was the first to split first?

r, lipid, t, antibiotic

Classification of Domain:
-differences in ribosomes (___RNA)
-membrane _____ & cell wall structure
-__RNA
-_____ sensitivity

lack

Archae: cell walls (if any) ______ Peptidoglycan.

prokaryotic

Domains Archaea and Bacteria:
-Both are _________
*no nucleus

extremophiles, methanogens, extreme halophiles, extreme thermophiles

Name the 4 types of Archeae.

metabolic

Extremophiles-
-live in extreme environments
-Unusual ____processes

anaerobes

Methanogens
-Strict _____ (swamps)
-Generate methane gas (waste from respiration)

salt, dead

Extreme HALOPHILES
-Require high concentrations of ___ for survival.
-____ Sea, Great salt Lake

yellowstone

Extreme THERMOPHILES
-Normally grow in extremely hot environments.
- examples found in _______

none

ARCHAEA:
- Has how many pathogens?

diameter, thick

BACTERIA:
-<10 µm _____ & 1 µm ____

binary fission, peptidoglycan

BACTERIA:
-Reproduce by _____ _____
-Cell wall = _____
*Carb/protein complex

photosynthesize, absorb

BACTERIA:
-______ or _______organics

pathogens

BACTERIA:
-Contains all bacterial _____, as well as non-_____ bacteria. (One answer)

nucleus, organelles

Eukaryotes:
-True _____ and membrane-bound ______.

Protista, Fungi, Plantae, Animalia

Name the 4 kingdoms of the domain Eukarya.

unicellular, bacteria

PROTISTA:
- mostly _____, although can be colonial, multicellular
Larger than _____

animal, photosynthetic, cell walls, sexual, parasites

Protozoa = first _____
*Non-______
*Lack ____ ____
*____& asexual reproduction
*Some independent, some ______

protists

Entamoeba, Trypanosoma, Plasmodium, Giardia are all examples of what?

cell walls, photosynthetic

KINGDOM PROTISTS:
-Unicellular algae
*Have _____ _____
*_______ ; autotrophic

dinoflagellates

KINGDOM PROTISTs:
-Only 1 pathogen
_________

dinoflagellates

Red tides- toxin - is associated with which protist?

kelp, seaweed

KINGDOM PROTISTS:
-Multicellular algae
*Include which two types?

absorb

KINGDOM FUNGI:
-No photosynthesis
* _____ organics for food

chitin, budding

KINGDOM FUNGI:
-Cell walls of _____
-Reproduction via Sexual & asexual reproduction, and ____.

yeasts, penicillium

KINGDOM FUNGI:
-Unicellular _____
* Such as Candida
Multicellular molds
* Such as ______

pathogens

KINGDOM FUNGI:
- Other _____ include
*Athlete's foot, Ringworm, Cryptococcus, Histoplasmosis

mushrooms

KINGDOM FUNGI:
-Fleshy fungi
* Ex. of ____, etc.

pathogens, photosynthetic

KINGDOM PLANTAE:
-NO infectious ___
-Almost all _____

cellulose, microbes

KINGDOM PLANTAE:
-Cell walls of ____
-Multicellular
-Multicellular algae (only ____)

multi cellular, cell walls, non

KINGDOM ANIMALIA:
-ALL ______
- Lack ___ ____
- ____-photosynthetic

helminths

KINGDOM ANIMALIA:
- Mostly macroscopic
- ________- flatworms and roundworms that are Animal parasites

grow, reproduce

VIRUSES:
-Not classified within any of the 3 domains
-Obligate intracellular parasites
*Unable to ____
*Unable to ____

metabolic, ribosomes, proteins

VIRUSES:
-Lack:
*____ enzymes
*_____ (organelle...)
*Other enzymes for making ______

independently, degenerative

TWO HYPOTHESES FOR VIRUSES:
1) They arose from _______ replicating strands of nucleic acids (Such as plasmids)
2) They develop from ______ cells that, through many generations, gradually lost the ability to survive but could survive when associated with another cell.

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set