classification, common, relationship
-Science of organism ______
-Identifies organism to all scientists
-Eliminates confusion of ______ names
-Establishes ______ between groups of microbes
Binomial nomenclature (2 names) was invented by who in (1735)?
1st name = ______ (noun)
2nd name = ______ /specific epithet (adjective)
Underline or italicize (NOT _____)
____ time mentioned:
S. aureus or same thing underlined.
Names of microbes based on:
Appearance, _______, researcher, _____ it is found
In taxonomy, the Heirarchy represents evolutionary/phylogenetic _______.
bacteria, archaea, eukarya
What are the three domains?
According to rRNA typing, which domain is closest to eukarya?
According to rRNA typing, which domain was the first to split first?
r, lipid, t, antibiotic
Classification of Domain:
-differences in ribosomes (___RNA)
-membrane _____ & cell wall structure
Archae: cell walls (if any) ______ Peptidoglycan.
Domains Archaea and Bacteria:
-Both are _________
extremophiles, methanogens, extreme halophiles, extreme thermophiles
Name the 4 types of Archeae.
-live in extreme environments
-Strict _____ (swamps)
-Generate methane gas (waste from respiration)
-Require high concentrations of ___ for survival.
-____ Sea, Great salt Lake
-Normally grow in extremely hot environments.
- examples found in _______
- Has how many pathogens?
-<10 µm _____ & 1 µm ____
binary fission, peptidoglycan
-Reproduce by _____ _____
-Cell wall = _____
-______ or _______organics
-Contains all bacterial _____, as well as non-_____ bacteria. (One answer)
-True _____ and membrane-bound ______.
Protista, Fungi, Plantae, Animalia
Name the 4 kingdoms of the domain Eukarya.
- mostly _____, although can be colonial, multicellular
Larger than _____
animal, photosynthetic, cell walls, sexual, parasites
Protozoa = first _____
*Lack ____ ____
*____& asexual reproduction
*Some independent, some ______
Entamoeba, Trypanosoma, Plasmodium, Giardia are all examples of what?
cell walls, photosynthetic
*Have _____ _____
*_______ ; autotrophic
-Only 1 pathogen
Red tides- toxin - is associated with which protist?
*Include which two types?
* _____ organics for food
-Cell walls of _____
-Reproduction via Sexual & asexual reproduction, and ____.
* Such as Candida
* Such as ______
- Other _____ include
*Athlete's foot, Ringworm, Cryptococcus, Histoplasmosis
* Ex. of ____, etc.
-NO infectious ___
-Almost all _____
-Cell walls of ____
-Multicellular algae (only ____)
multi cellular, cell walls, non
- Lack ___ ____
- Mostly macroscopic
- ________- flatworms and roundworms that are Animal parasites
-Not classified within any of the 3 domains
-Obligate intracellular parasites
*Unable to ____
*Unable to ____
metabolic, ribosomes, proteins
*Other enzymes for making ______
TWO HYPOTHESES FOR VIRUSES:
1) They arose from _______ replicating strands of nucleic acids (Such as plasmids)
2) They develop from ______ cells that, through many generations, gradually lost the ability to survive but could survive when associated with another cell.