What are a few of the many religions in China?
buddhism, Islam, and Christianity.
What was one of the most influential philosophers in China and what did he do?
Confucius, he taught that harmony resulted when people accepted their place in society.
respect for parents above all duties.
Who's ideas came to influence every area of Chinese life and eventually spread to neighboring countries?
What did Hanfeizi do,and what was he?
He introduced ideas that differed sharply from the ideas of Confucius, he insisted that the only was to achieve order was to pass strict laws and to improve. He was another philosopher.
What did Hanfeizi's teachings become known as?
What and who is Daoism?
He arose around the same time, as Hanfeizi and he sought to live in harmony with nature, rather than bring order to human effects.
What did Confucius,Hanfeizi, and Daoism think of the government?
They viewed it as unnatural and therefore the cause of many problems.
Who rose when Zhou dynasty weakened?And why?
Shi Huangdi and to unify China.
What did Shi Huangdi do to the government?
He built a strong government and set the stage for China's classical age.
What was Shi Huangdi's most remarkable and costly achievement?
Building the great wall of china.
What dynasty was created after Shi Huangdi died and how long did it last?
The Han Dynasty and about 206 B.C to 220 A.D
How many miles was the Silk Road across China?
Under what empires did India grow into a center of trade?
Maury and Gupta
What empire brought 400 years of unity to China?
In the Hinduism religion how many founders were there?
No single founder.
In the Hinduism religion what did they believe everything was apart of?
In the Hinduism religion what were the most important gods, and what did they do?
Brahman (the creator), Rishnu(preserver), and Shive (destroyer)
What did each god make?
In the Hinduism religion believe happened after birth?
In the Hinduism religion what was the final goal?
Union of Brahman
When did Buddhism emerge?
What did Buddhism urge people to find?
Enlightenment through meditation.
Who is Siddhartha Gautama and what is he known as?
The founder of Buddhism, and Buddha.
What did Siddhartha Gautama (Buddha) think desire caused?
What is Buddhist final goal?
To achieve Nirvana.
Where is Buddhism practiced?
What is one difference between Hinduism and Buddhism's final goals?
Hinduism's goal was to achieve Brahman, and Buddhism's was to achieve Nirvana.
What 3 civilizations did India come in contact with?
Africa, the middle east, and central and south asia.
Traders who set up outposts through Aegean world and Greek mainland contact with Egypt and Mesopotamia where they gained most of their ideas and technology.
How long did the Minoan civilization last before it was theorized?
1600 B.C. to 1500 B.C.
Who dominated Greek mainland and Crete and for how long?
Mycenaens: Seatraders and 1400 B.C. to 1200 B.C.
What did the Odyssey and The Iliad revealed about?
Much of the religions of the Ancient Greeks.
What did the Greeks live in?
Small isolated villages which then eventually grew into a Polis (small-city states) which they built on two layers.
What did the top layer of the Polis's contain?
Acropolis (High city) which were temples for gods/goddesses.
What was the bottom of the Polis's for?
Mainland and city life where they contained markets.
Who wrote The Odyssey and The Iliad?
Mycenaeans were known for what war?
What did Rome begin as?
A small city state in Italy.
What did the romans throw over in 509 B.C.
The Etruscan empire.
In Ancient Rome who were the patrician's?
At first the most powerful people, members of the land owning upperclass.
Who put the Patrician's in control of busy trade routes?
Who tock absolute control over the Roman Empire?
Who tock the name Augustus?
What did the 200 year span of Octavian begin and end with?
It began with Augustus and ended with Marcus Aurelius who was known as Pox Ramona.
During the Octavian time what happened?
The Roman emperors brought peace, order, and prosperity to the land.
Which culture did the Romans admire?
blend of cultures
a government which the officials are chosen by the people.
members of land holding upper class.
What was the 200 year period of peace known as in the Roman Empire?
Who turned the Roman republic into the Roman Empire?
What was the new religion that sprang up in Romana in the middle east?
Who was Jesus prohibited to be?
What was the best known society of desert southwest?
Where were the mound builders located?
East of Mississippi and Ohio