a political/cultural branch of geography concerned with the social science aspects of how the world is physically arranged
One of the two major divisions of systematic geography; the spatial analysis of the structure, processes, and location of Earth's natural phenomena such as climate, soil, plants, animals, and topography.
exact location of a place on the earth described by global coordinates
the regional position or situation of a place relative to the position of other places
seeking to understand the changing spatial organization and material character of Earth's surface.
a two-dimensional, or flat, representation of Earth's surface or a portion of it
An internal representation of a portion of Earth's surface based on what an individual knows about a place, containing personal impressions of what is in a place and where places are located.
the act of distributing or spreading or apportioning
a customary way of operation or behavior
An area in which everyone shares in one or more distinctive characteristics
a region defined by the particular set of activities or interactions that occur within it
Regions that reflect human feelings and attitudes
The acquisition of data about Earth's surface from a satellite orbiting the planet or other long-distance methods.
Geographic Information Systems
A collection of computer hardware and software that permits spatial data to be collected, recorded, stored, retrieved, manipulated, analyzed, and displayed to the user.
the act of dispersing or diffusing something
The spread of a feature from one place to another in a snowballing process
The spread of a feature or trend through bodily movement of people from one place to another.
the adoption of the behavior patterns of the surrounding culture
the process of assimilating new ideas into an existing cognitive structure
cultural borrowing that occurs when different cultures of approximately equal complexity and technological level come into close contact
The rapid, widespread diffusion of a feature or trend throughout a population.
The spread of an idea from persons or nodes of authority or power to other persons or places
The spread of an underlying principle, even though a specific characteristic is rejected.
The term for a trait with many hearths that develop independant of each other
19th- and early 20th-century approach to the study of geography that argued that the general laws sought by human geographers could be found in the physical sciences.
The theory that the physical environment may set limits on human actions, but people have the ability to adjust to the physical environment and choose a course of action from many alternatives.
the attitudes and behavior that are characteristic of a particular social group or organization
The spread of ideas, customs, and technologies from one people to another
Fashioning of a natural landscape by a cultural group.
a center where cultures developed and from which ideas and traditions spread outward
A single element of normal practice in a culture, such as the wearing of a turban.
A related set of culture traits descriptive of one aspect of a society's behavior or activity (may be assoc. with religious beliefs or business practices).
A cluster of regions in which related culture systems prevail.
an area in which people have many shared culture traits
A collection of interacting elements taken together shape a group's collective identity. Includes traits, territorial affiliation, shared history, and more complex elements, like language
the notion that succedsive societies leave their cultural imprints on a place each contributing to the cumulative cultural land scape
Culture traditionally practiced by a small, homogeneous, rural group living in relative isolation from other groups.
Culture found in a large, heterogeneous society that shares certain habits despite differences in other personal characteristics.
the process through which something is given monetary value.