Which of the following disorders can result in lower gastrointestinal bleeding?
A) Mallory-Weiss tear
B) Peptic ulcers
Which of the following disorders is characterized by night blindness, osteopathy, and clotting disorders?
A) Post-gastrectomy syndrome
B) Gluten-sensitive enteropathy
C) Bile salt deficiency
D) Lactase deficiency
Which type of ulcer is a stress ulcer that is associated with burn injuries?
How does a chronic infection with Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) lead to duodenal ulcers?
A) Chronic inflammation inhibits the proton pumps in the gastric lining.
B) Presence of bacteria in the stomach causes the pyloric sphincter to open prematurely, releasing acid into the duodenum.
C) H. pylori inhibits prostaglandins, leading to decreased mucus production.
D) H. pylori produces substances that are toxic to the duodenal mucosa.
Bilirubin in bile comes from:
A) bile salt metabolism.
B) the degradation of fatty acids.
C) the accumulation of albumin.
D) phagocytosis of aged red blood cells.
cC) Bile salt deficiency
dD) H. pylori produces substances that are toxic to the duodenal mucosa.
eD) phagocytosis of aged red blood cells.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
C) Vitamin B12 deficiency
B) abdominal surgery.
C) Bulimia nervosa
C) inhibiting mucosal prostaglandin synthesis.
5 True/False Questions
Risk of developing cancer is increased with which of the following gastrointestinal disorders?
A) Duodenal ulcers
C) Ulcerative colitis
D) Dumping syndrome → C) Ulcerative colitis
A hiatal hernia is a protrusion of the _____ through the ______.
A) stomach; diaphragm
B) duodenum; pyloric sphincter
C) small intestine; inguinal canal
D) rectum; anus → D) secretion of digestive enzymes.
Functions of the liver include all of the following except:
A) storage of vitamins.
B) synthesis of plasma proteins.
C) metabolic detoxification
D) secretion of digestive enzymes. → C) Vitamin B12 deficiency
Which of the following symptoms is most specific to colon cancer?
A) Nausea and jaundice
B) Abdominal pain and hematochezia
C) Epigastric pain and vomiting
D) Heartburn and dysphagia → B) Abdominal pain and hematochezia
Severe trauma can result in stress ulcers that often first manifest with:
A) abdominal pain.
C) severe bleeding.
D) dumping syndrome. → C) severe bleeding.