Unit 1

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What is a society?

a group of people who interact in defined territory and share a culture

What is a social institution?

big concepts that all societies develop

What are the major social institutions?

political systems, economic systems, family, religion, education, and government q

Why must societies have political systems?

because they must have order and rules/law enforcement to prosper

What must political systems figure out in order for a society to prosper?

they must figure out how to function because if not then it leads to chaos

What is an economic system?

how poeple get what they want and need

What does the economic system also determine?

how those people of the society get their wants and needs

What aer an example of economic systems?

communism, socialism, capitalism

What type of economic system does the united states have?

capitalism

What is religion?

a belief of philosophy to believein

What is education?

a system to pass along information and knowledge

Why is Louisiana education so low in comparision to all the other states?

because our economies developed differently than those who were mainly industrialized.

What is the government?

the institution through which public policy is made and enforced

What is public policy?

the course of action which the government takes in response to some need or concern

Public policy can also be described as...

what the government wants to do

What is a law?

a set of rules and standards by which a society governs itself

What are the main reasons why governments are created?

maintain social order, provide public services, provide for common defense and welfare, and regulate and control the economic system

How does the government maintain social order?

by having police enforcement, having a place for criminals

What are some of the public services that the government provides?

libraries, public transportation, public schools, postal services, and highways and roads

How does the government provide for the common defense and welfare?

military, homeland security, FBI, fema, and border control

How does the government regulate and control the economic system??

taxes, welfare, banks, money in general, and the federal reserve

What is government?

institution through which a society makes and enforces public policies

What is the government made up of?

authoritative figures who exercise power and control people

What are public policies?

things that the government decides sto do

What does public policy cover?

taxes, defense, education, crime, healthcare, transportation, environment, civil rights, and work conditions

What does the government need to carry out public policy?

power

What is power?

the ability to command or prevent action

What are the 3 basic government policies?

legislative, executive and judicial

What is the legislative?

they make laws

What is the executive?

they execute, enforce, and administer the law

What is judicial?

they interperate the law, determine law meaning, and settle society disputes

What is the constitution?

laws setting principle structure and process of govenment

What is a democracy?

the power rests with the majority of the people

How did government come about?

because people couldnt survive without regulation of behavior

What are politics

a process by which a society decides how power and resources will be distributed

What do politics enable?

they enable decisions of who reaps benefits and who pays the cost of public policy

What is public opinion?

general concern and interest of the higher portion of the people

What is a public made up of??

individuals who hold the same view on a particular issue

What are public affairs?

events and issues that concern the people at large

What is mass media?

means of communication that reach large, widely dispersed audiences simultaneously

What are peer groups?

made up of people with whom one regularly associates

What are examples of peer groups?

friends, classmates, neighbors

What is an example of mass media?

internet magazines radio

What is an opinion leader?

any person who has a strong infuence on the opinion of others

How do historic events effect the people?

they have a major impact on views of a higher number of people and a higher content/discretion of public policy

What is a radical?

favors extreme change to create an altered or entirely new social system

What is a liberal?

believes that government must take action to change economic, political, and idealogical policies thought to be unfair

What is a moderate?

holds beliefs that fall between liberal and conservative views and usually include some of both

What is a conservative?

seeks to keep in place the economic, political, and social structures of society

What is a reactionary?

favors extreme change to restore society to an earlier, more conservative state

What is a political party?

a group of persons who seekk to control government through the winning of elections and the holding of public office

What are the 2 main political parties?

democratic and republican

What do parties do?

modify and encourage compromise, nominate candidates, inform and activate supporters, bonding agents

What is nominating a candidate?

selecting a candidate to present to voters

What is informing and activating supporters in terms of political parties?

each party informs the people how they think they should be informed

What are bonding agent functions?

ensuring the good performance of candidates and officers

What is partisanship?

strong suppor of party and its political stands

What is the party in power?

party that controls the executive branch of government

What is a minor party?

aone political party without wide voter support

What were the first 2 political parties?

democrat and republican

What happens with our electorl system?

a singlel member of a district contests where only one candidate is elected to each office on the ballot

What is plurality

the largest # of votes cast for office

What is the bipartisan way?

2 parties find common ground

What isi a pluralistic ociety?

several different cultures or groups

What is a consensus?

a general agreement among various groups on fudamental matters

What is a multiparty system?

a system where several major and many lesser parties exist, compete, and win elections

What is a coalition?

temporary alliance of several groups

What are some of the different minor parties?

libertarian, reform, socialist, prohibition, natural lawo, communist, american indepenent, and green

What are idealogical parties?

based on a particular set of beliefs

What are single issue parties?

focus on only one public party matter

What are econonomic protest parties?

rooted in economic periods of unrest

What are splinter parties?

those that have split away from one of the major parties

What does a spoiler role mean?

if a minor party doesnt win, it can pull votes from one of the major parties

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