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Predestination

especially the doctrine (usually associated with Calvin) that God has foreordained every event throughout eternity (including the final salvation of mankind)

the "elect"

Calvin's term for those destined for salvation, regardless of what actions they may commit during their mortal life on earth.

"visible saints"

A religious belief developed by John Calvin held that a certain number of people were predestined to go to heaven by God. This belief in the elect, or "visible saints," figured a major part in the doctrine of the Puritans who settled in New England during the 1600's.

conversion

a spiritual enlightenment causing a person to lead a new life

doctrine of a calling

A doctrine believed by John Winthrop and many Puritans instructing them to do God's work.

covenant

(Bible) an agreement between God and his people in which God makes certain promises and requires certain behavior from them in return

franchise

a statutory right or privilege granted to a person or group by a government (especially the rights of citizenship and the right to vote)

patroonship

A vast Dutch feudal estates fronting the Hudson River in early 1600s. They were granted to promoters who agreed to settle 50 people on them.

freemen

Adult males who belonged to the Puritan congregations, colonial period; term used to describe indentured servants who had finished their terms of indenture and could live freely on their own land.

antinomianism

An interpretation of Puritan beliefs that stressed God's gift of salvation and minimized what an individual could do to gain salvation; identified with Anne Hutchinson.

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