November 11, 1918
Armistice Day, the day that WW I ended in Europe.
Causes of WW I
Nationalism, Imperialism, Militarism
The doctrine that your national culture and interests are superior to any other. It helped a country feel good about itself, but it also tended to lead to conflicts between neighboring countries.
Country that started World War 1 by declaring war on Serbia
A policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries politically, socially, and economically.
a political orientation of a people or a government to maintain a strong military force and to be prepared to use it aggressively to defend or promote national interests
agreements between nations to aid and protect one another
Line of combat that an army establishes to fight or defend.
A line of trenches and fortifications in World War I that stretched without a break from Switzerland to the North Sea. Scene of most of the fighting between Germany, on the one hand, and France and Britain, on the other.
In WWI, the region along the German-Russian Border where Russians and Serbs battled Germans, Austrians, and Turks.
archduke of Austria Hungary who was assassinated at Sarajevo by a Serbian terrorist group called the Black Hand; his death was a main cause for World War I
Kaiser Wilhelm II
was the Kaiser of Germany at the time of the First World War reigning from 1888-1918. He pushed for a more aggressive foreign policy by means of colonies and a strong navy to compete with Britain. His actions added to the growing tensions in pre-1914 Europe.
Queen Victoria of England
Long time leader of the British Empire, and the grandmother of most of the leaders involved in the WW I.
Last tsar of Russia, he went to the frontlines in WWI to try to rally the troops, but was forced to abdicate after his wife made horrible decisions under the influence of Rasputin.
The year that Germany officially became a country.
Otto Von Bismark
Prussian prime minister, he led the unification of Germany and the creation of the German empire. He had maintain an alliance between Germany, France, and Great Britain.
Wilhelm II becomes leader of Germany.
The ruler of Austria-Hungary when WWI started. He was planning to attack Serbia for their ports. When Serbia murdered Franz Ferdinand, he attacked Serbia, which effectively started WWI.
German submarine, taken from the German "Unterseeboat"
World War I alliance between Germany, Austria-Hungary and the Ottoman Empire
June 28, 1914
Gavrilo Princip assassinates Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife in the city of Sarajevo (month, day, and year)
the title of the Holy Roman Emperors or the emperors of Austria or of Germany until 1918
deadlock in which neither side is strong enough to defeat the other
The Battle of Verdun
Considered by many to be the single greatest and longest battle in history
Lasted 11 months - Feb-Dec 1916
- Over 700,000 killed, wounded, or missing
Entire battlefield only about 10x10 kilometers
- Horrific losses on both sides but considered French victory
- 11,000 German officers and soldiers surrendered
information, ideas, or rumors deliberately spread widely to help or harm a person, group, movement, institution, nation, etc.
British passenger boat sunk by a German submarine that claimed 1,000 lives. One of main reasons America decided to join the war.
World war I alliance of Britain, France, and Russia, and later joined by Italy, the United States, and others.
Allied Power=Triple Entente
Central Powers=Triple Alliance
someone who uses violence such as bombing, shooting etc to obtain political demands: