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Affect

External Expression of emotion, or emotional response

Amnesia

Loss of memory

Anorexia Nervosa

Eating disorder w/ excessive dieting & refusal to maintain a normal body weigh

Anxiety Disorders

Characterized by unpleasant tension, distress, and avoidance behavior ; examples are panic disorder, phobias,obsesive compulsive disorder, post tramatic stress disorder, and generalized anxiety disorder

Apathy

Absence of emotions ; lack of intrest or emotional involvement

Autism

Pervasive develomental disorder characterized by inhibited social interaction and communication and by restricted,repetitive behavior

Bipolar disorder

Mood disorder with alternating periods of mania and depression

Bulimia Nervosa

Eating disorder with binge eating followed by vomiting purging and depression

Cannabis

Substance Marijuana is made from

Compulsion

Uncontrolable urge to perform act repeatedly

Conversion Disorder

Condition marked by physical symptoms but no organic basis, appearing as a result of anxiety and unconscious inner conflict

Defense Mechanism

self-destructive ways of dealing with stress; automatic, subconscious reactions to emotional injury, such as denial, fantasy, projection.

Delirium

a usually brief state of excitement and mental confusion often accompanied by hallucinations

Delusion

(psychology) an erroneous belief that is held in the face of evidence to the contrary

Dementia

a slowly progressive decline in mental abilities, including memory, thinking, and judgment, that is often accompanied by personality changes

Depression

a mental state characterized by a pessimistic sense of inadequacy and a despondent lack of activity

Dissociative Disorder

a rare dissociative disorder in which a person exhibits two or more distinct and alternating personalities. Also called multiple personality disorder.

Ego

Central coordinating branch of the personality or mind

Fugue

Flight from customary surroundings; dissociative disorder

Gender identity disorder

when a person's biological sexual characteristics do not match the person's mental idea of his or her gender.

Hallucination

delusion; false idea; false perception of objects with a compelling sense of their reality; objects so perceived;

Id

Major unconscious part of the personality; energy from intincual drives and desires

Labile

Unstable ; Undergoing Rapid Emotional Change

Mania

Extreme excitment hyperactive elation, and agitation. (Dont confuse with suffix -mania meaning obsession)

Mood Disorders

Prolonged emotion dominates a persons life, em bipolar and depressive disorders

Mutism

Nonreactive state with inability to speak

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

Anxiety disorder in which recurrent thoughts and repetitive acts dominate behavior

Paranoia

a psychological disorder characterized by delusions of persecution,harassment, or grandeur

Paraphilia

Recurrent instense sexual urge,fantasy,or behavior that involves unusual objects, activities, or situations

Personality Disorders

lifelong personality patterns marked by inflexibility and impairment of social functioning

Pervasive Developmental Disorders

Group of childhood disorders characterized by delays in socialization and communication skills

Phobia

an anxiety disorder characterized by extreme and irrational fear of simple things or social situations

Post-traumatic stress disorder

an anxiety disorder associated with serious traumatic events and characterized by such symptoms as survivor guilt, reliving the trauma in dreams, numbness and lack of involvement with reality, or recurrent thoughts and images

Projective personality test

A type of personality test in which individuals are asked to interpret unstructured or ambiguous stimuli (i.e. inkblot, or Rorschach test). Many psychologists like to use these tests because they allow clients to open up and talk.

Psychiatrist

a medical doctor who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of mental disorders; can prescribe medication

Psychologist

A scientist who studies the mind and behavior of humans and animals

Psychosis

A disorder marked by loss of contact with reality ; often with delusions and hallucinations

Reality testing

Psychological process that distinguishes fact from fantasy

Repression

(psychiatry) the classical defense mechanism that protects you from impulses or ideas that would cause anxiety by preventing them from becoming conscious

Schizophrenia

a group of severe disorders characterized by disorganized and delusional thinking, disturbed perceptions, and inappropriate emotions and actions

Sexual disorders

paraphilias and sexual dysfunction

Somatoform disorder

psychological disorder in which the symptoms take a somatic (bodily) form without apparent physical cause

Substance-related disorder

Abuse of or dependence on a mood- or behavior-altering drug.

Superego

(psychoanalysis) that part of the unconscious mind that acts as a conscience

Amphetamines

Drugs that stimulate neural activity, causing speeded-up body functions and associated energy and mood changes.helps with ADHD

Atypical antipsychotics

drugs that treat psychotic symptoms and behavior (schizophrenia, bipolar disease, and other mental illness).

Benzodiazepines

drugs that reduce anxiety and insomnia

Cognative Behavioral Therapy

Focuses on the connection between behavior and thoughts

Electroconvulsive Therapy

a biomedical therapy for severely depressed patients in which a brief electric current is sent through the brain of an anesthetized patient

Family therapy

any of several therapeutic approaches in which a family is treated as a whole

Free Association

in psychoanalysis, a method of exploring the unconscious in which the person relaxes and says whatever comes to mind, no matter how trivial or embarrassing.

Group Therapy

psychotherapy where multiple people meet regularly to interact and help one another to achieve insight into their feelings and behavior; allows the therapist to see how the client interacts with others,

Hypnosis

a social interaction in which one person suggests to another that certain perceptions, feelings, thoughts, or behaviors will spontaneously occur

Insight-oriented Therapy

Face to face discussion of life problems and feelings to increase understanding of thoughts and behavior patterns; psychodynamic therapy.

Lithium

a chemical that provides an effective drug therapy for the mood swings of bipolar disorders

Neuroleptic Drug

tranquilizer used to treat psychotic conditions when a calming effect is desired

Phenothiazines

a group of antihistamine drugs that became the first group of effective antipsychotic medications

Play Therapy

A child, through play, uses toys to express conflicts and feelings that he or she is unable to communicate in a direct manner.

Psychoanalysis

a set of techniques for exploring underlying motives and a method of treating various mental disorders

Psychodrama

clinical technique used by some therapists which calls for participants to role play

Psychopharmacology

Treatment of psychiatric disorders with drugs

Sedatives

Drugs that lessen anziety

Supportive Psychotherapy

Treatment that involves offering encouragement, support, and hope to patients facing difficult life transitions and events.

Transference

Patient relates to the therapist as though the therapist were a prominent childhood figure

Tricyclic Antidepressants

Drugs used to treat severe depression; three ringed fused structure

anxi/o

uneasy anxious distressesd

aut/o

self

hallucin/o

hallucination, to wander in the mind

hypn/o

sleep

iatr/o

treatment

ment/o

mind

neur/o

nerve

phil/o

attraction to, love

phren/o

mind

psych/o

mind

schiz/o

split

somat/o

body

-genic

produced by

-leptic

to sieze hold of

-mania

obsesive, preoccupation

-phobia

fear (irrational and often disabling)

-phoria

feeling , bearing

-thymia

mind

a-, an-

no not

cata-

down

hypo-

deficient, less than, below

para-

abnormal

AD

Alzheimer disease
form of dementia

ADHD

attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

ADLs

activities of daily living

AIMS

abnormal involuntary movement scale

ASD

autism spectrum disorder

BZD

benzodiazepine

CA

chronological age

CBT

cognative behavioral therapy

CNS

central nervous system

DSM-IV-TR

Diagnostic & Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders

DT

delirium tremens

ECT

electroconvulsive therapy

GAD

generalized anxiety disorder

IQ

intelligence quotient
An IQ test is used to determin the mental age of an individual

LSD

lysergic acid diethylamide
a hallucinogen

MA

mental age
as determined by psychological tests

MAOI

monoamine oxidase inhibitor

MDD

major depressive disorder

MMPI

Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory

MR

mental retardation

OCD

obsesive compulsive disorder

PDD

pervasive developmental disorder
autism and asperger syndrome

PTSD

post traumatic stress disorder

Rx

therapy

SAD

seasonal affective disorder

SNRI

serotonin norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor

SSRI

selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor

TAT

Thematic Apperception Test

TCA

tricyclic antidepressants

TD

tardive dyskinesia

THC

delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol
the active ingredient in Marijuana

WAIS

Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale

WISC

Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children

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