| Adolescent (adj.)|
Boys and girls undergo many chnages in their adolescent years.
|growing from childhood to adulthood; roughly, of the teenage period (Age)|
| Adolescent (n.)|
As adolescents develop into adults, they tend to become more self-confident.
| Antediluvian (adj.)|
Compared with today's sopisticated aircraft, the plane the Wright borthers flew in 1903 seems antediluvian.
|antiquated; belonging to the time before the Biblical Flood (when all except Noah and his family perished) (Age)|
| Archaic (adj.)|
An archaic meaning of the word "quick" is "living," as in the biblical phrase "the quick and the dead."
|no longer used, except in a special context; old-fashioned (Age)|
| Callow (adj.)|
No prudent executive would entrust the management of a company to a callow youth just out of college.
|young and inexperienced; unfledged (Age)|
| Contemporary (adj.)|
1. The English Renaissance was not contemporary with the Italian Renaissance, but came two centuries later.
2. Rapid changes in the taste mark the contemporary popular music scene.
| 1. of the same period or duration|
2. modern; up-to-date (Age)
| Contemporary (n.)|
Benjamin Franklin was Thomas Jefferson's contemporary.
|person who lives at the same time as another (Age)|
| Crone (n.)|
The use of the word drone is unfair to women becuase there is no corresponding word for a "withered old man."
|withered old woman (Age)|
| Decrepit (adj.)|
The decrepit wooden shack collapsed under the weight of the heavy snow.
|weakened by old age (Age)|
| Defunct (adj.)|
Acme Lumber is still in business, but Equity Fixtures has long been defunct.
|dead; deceased; extinct (Age)|
| Forebear (n.)|
The world of our forebears centuries ago was much less polluted.
|forefather; ancestor; progenitor (Age)|
| Hoary (adj.)|
1. Santa Claus is usually portrayed as a stout oldster with a hoary beard.
2. The novel's plot is based on one of the hoary lengends of ancient Greece.
| 1. white or gray with age|
2. ancient (Age)
| Infantile (adj.)|
A child may revert to the infantile act of thumb-sucking when insecure.
|of or like an infant or infancy; childish (Age)|
| Inveterate (adj.)|
1. From the ancestors, Americans inhert an inveterate dislike of tyranny.
2. Hats off to the inveterate smokers struggling to give up cigarettes!
| 1. firmly established by age; deep-rooted|
2. habitual (Age)
| Juvenile (adj.)|
1. The juvenile section of the library houses books for grade-schoolers.
2. Jody wants to play hide-and-seek? How juvenile!
| 1. of or for youth; youthful|
2. immature (Age)
| Longevity (n.)|
1. Methuselah is renowned for his longevity; according to the Bible, he lived for 969 years.
2. Medical advances are prolonging the average person's longevity.
| 1. long life (Age)|
2. length of life
| Matriarch (n.)|
1. Mama, in A Raisin in the Sun, is the matriarch of the Younger family.
2. A concert hall at Lincoln Center is named in honor of the matriarch Alice Tully.
| 1. mother and ruler of a family or tribe; founder|
2. highly respected old woman (Age)
| Mature (adj.)|
1. Rita, 19, was not appointed manager because the employer wanted a more mature person in that position.
2. These are mature plans; they were not devised hastily.
| 1. full-grown; ripe (Age)|
2. carefully thought out
| Nonage (n.)|
On his twenty-first birthday, the heir assumed control of his estate form the trustees who had administered it during his nonage.
|legal minority; period before maturity (Age)|
| Nonagenarian (n.)|
1. George Bernard Shaw, among his many other distinctions, was a nonagenarian, for he lived to be 94.
|person 90-99 years old (note also octogenarian, person 80-89 years old, and septuagenarian, person 70-79 years old) (Age)|
| Obsolescent (adj.)|
1. The company will soon have to replace its obsolescent machinery to complete successfully with rivals having state-of-the-art equipment.
|going out of use; becoming obsolete (Age)|
| Obsolete (adj.)|
Have computers and word-processing software made typewriters obsolete?
|no longer in use; out-of-date (Age)|
| Patriach (n.)|
1. According to the Bible, Adam is the patriach and Eve the matriarch from whom the human family descends.
2. The acclaimed Star Wars epics crown the cinematic career of film patriach George Lucas.
| 1. father and ruler of a family or tribe; founder;|
2. highly respected old man (Age)
| Posthumous (adj.)|
1. Only two of Emily Dickinson's poems were published before her death; the rest are posthumous.
2. Posthumous fame is of no use to an artist who struggles for lifetime and dies unknown.
| 1. published after the author's death|
2. occuring after death (Age)
| Prelapsarian (adj.)|
In Paradise Lost, Milton's Satan works to destroy Adam and Eve's prelapsarian bliss.
|of the time or state before the fall of mankind (ant. postlapsarian) (Age)|
| Primeval (adj.)|
The Grand Canyon's exposed rock strata have taught scientists much about primeval on Earth.
|pertaining to the world's first ages; primitive (Age)|
| Primordial (adj.)|
1. Humanity's primordial conflict with the environment has continued to the present day.
2. One of the primordial concepts of science is that light travels at the rate of 186,000 miles per second.
| 1. existing at the very begining (Age)|
2. elementary; primary; first in order
| Pristine (adj.)|
The antique chair is in its pristine state--it has not been painted or refurnished.
|in original, long-ago state; uncorrupted (Age)|
| Puberty (n.)|
Among the changes in boys at puberty are a deepening of the voice and the growth of hair on the face.
|physical beginning of manhood (at about age 14) or womanhood (at about age 12) (Age)|
| Puerile (adj.)|
Some think its fun to play practical jokes, while others consider it puerile.
|foolish for a grown person to say or do; childish (Age)|
| Senile (adj.)|
Grandfather no longer has the energy he used to have. He often forgets things. He is becoming senile.
|showing the weakness of age (Age)|
| Superannuated (adj.)|
1. Many superannuated individuals can outproduce some workers who are still in the workforce.
2. Some superannuated citizens suffer from Alzheimer's disease.
| 1. retired on a pension; advanced in years; very old|
2. incapacitated by age (Age)
| Venerable (adj.)|
At family reunions, our venerable grandmother, now past 80, sits at the head of the table.
|worthy of respect because of advanced age, achievement, virtue, or historical importance (Age)|
| Veteran (n.)|
1. In her bid for reelection, the mayor--a veteran of 20 years in public service--cited her opponent's lack of experience.
2. Many Vietnam War veterans found it hard to readjust to civilian life.
| 1. person experienced in some occupation, art, or profession|
2. ex-member of the armed forces (Age)
| Yore (n.)|
In days of yore, knights engaged in tournaments.
|(always preceded by of) long ago (Age)|
| Abstemious (adj.)|
Employers usually do not hire known alcoholics, preferring personnel who are abstemious in their habits.
|sparing in eating and drinking; temperate; abstinent (Sobriety-Intoxication)|
| Carousal (n.)|
While the enemy was celebrating Christmas Eve in na merry carousal, Washington and his troops--quite sober--crossed the Delaware and took them by surprise.
|drinking party; drunken revelry (Sobriety-Intoxication)|
| Dipsomania (n.)|
An organization that has helped many persons to oversome dipsomania is Alcoholics Anonymous.
|abnormal, uncontrollable craving for alcohol; alcoholism (Sobriety-Intoxication)|
| Inebriated (adj.)|
Captain Billy Bones, inebriated form too much rum, terrorized the other patrons of the Admiral Benbow Inn.
|drunk; intoxicated (Sobriety-Intoxication)|
| Sober (adj.)|
1. Driver-education programs must emphasize the motorist's responsibility to be sober.
2. My immediate thought was to leave; however, after sober consideration, I decided not to.
| 1. not drunk; temperate (ant. drunk; intoxicated)|
2. serious; free from excitement or exaggeration (Sobriety-Intoxication)
| Sobriety (n.)|
Sobriety is a virtue.
|temperance; abstinence (Sobriety-Intoxication)|
| Sot (n.)|
Don't ask a sot for directions; consult someone whose mind is clear.
|person made foolish by excessive drinking; drunkard (Sobriety-Intoxication)|
| Teetotaler (n.)|
Former dipsomaniacs who are now teetotalers deserve admiration for their courage and willpower.
|person who totally abstains from intoxicating beverages (ant. dipsomaniac) (Sobriety-Intoxication)|
| Bow (n.)|
A search from bow to stern before sailing revealed no stowaways.
|forward part of a ship; prow (ant. stern) (Sea)|
| Brine (n.)|
1. Brine can be converted to drinking water, but a high cost.
2. Anything on deck that was not firmly secured blew into the brine.
| 1. salty water (Sea)|
2. ocean; sea; the deep
| Doldrums (n. pl.)|
1. Becalmed in the doldrums. the sailing vessel was "As idle as a painted ship?Upom a painted ocean."
2. The rise in sales and employment showed that America was emerging from the economic doldrums.
| 1. calm, windless part of the ocean near the equator|
2. listlessness (Sea)
| Flotsam (n.)|
Flotsam from the sunken freighter littered the sea for miles around.
|wreckage of a ship or its cargo found floating on the sea; driftage (Sea)|
| Jetsam (n.)|
Jetsam washed ashore indicated that frantic efforts had been made to lighten the ship's cargo.
|goods cast overboard to lighten a ship in distress (Sea)|
| Jettison (v.)|
The pilot of the distressed plane jettisoned surplus fuel before attempting an emergency landing.
|throw (goods) overboard to lighten a ship or plane; discard (Sea)|
| Leeward (adj.)|
Tp avoid the wind, we chose deck chairs on the leeward side of the ship.
|in the direction away from the wind (ant. windward) (Sea)|
| Marine (adj.)|
If you are fascinated by undersea plants and amimals, you may want to study marine biology.
|of the sea or shipping; nautical; maritime (Sea)|
| Mariner (n.)|
Verne's Captain Nemo, master of the Nautilus, is an experienced mariner.
|sailor; seaman (Sea)|
| Starboard (adj.)|
When a ship follows a southernly course, sunrise is on the port side and sunset on the starboard side.
|pertaining to the right-hand side of a ship when you are on deck and facing the bow (forward) (ant. port) (Sea)|
| Carrion (n.)|
Having eaten their fill, the lions left the carrion for the vultures to feed on.
|decaying flesh of a carcass (Cleanliness-Uncleaniness)|
| Contaminate (v.)|
Many of our rivers have been contaminated by sewage.
|make impure by mixture; pollute; defile (ant. decontaminate) (Cleanliness-Uncleaniness)|
| Dross (n.)|
When you revise your composition, eliminate all meaningless expressions, repetitions, and similar dross.
|waste; refuse (Cleanliness-Uncleaniness)|
| Expurgate (v.)|
In his Family Shakespeare (published 1818), Bowdler expurgated Shakespeare's works, removing inproper for reading aloud in a family.
|remove objectionable material from a book; bowdlerize; purify (Cleanliness-Uncleaniness)|
| Immaculate (adj.)|
4 hours of vaccuming, dusting, and scrubbing left the house immaculate.
|spotless; absolutely clean; pure; faultless (Cleanliness-Uncleaniness)|
| Offal (n.)|
Seagulls hovered about the wharf where fish was being sold, waiting to scoop up any offal cast into the water.
|waste parts of a butchered animal; refuse; garbage (Cleanliness-Uncleaniness)|
| Purge (v.)|
The candidate vowed if elected to purge the county administration of corruption and inefficiency.
|cleanse; purify; rid of undesired element or person (Cleanliness-Uncleaniness)|
| Slatternly (adj.)|
There were cobwebs on the walls, dust on the shelves, and dirty dishes in the sink; it was a slatternly kitchen.
|untidy; dirty from habitual neglect; slovenly (Cleanliness-Uncleaniness)|
| Sloven (n.)|
It is difficult for an immaculte person to share a room with a sloven.
|person habitually untidy, dirty, or careless in dress, habits, etc. (Cleanliness-Uncleaniness)|
| Sordid (adj.)|
As soon as the athlete received the bribe offer, he informed his coach of the sordid affair.
|filthy; vile (Cleanliness-Uncleaniness)|
| Squalid (adj.)|
The squalid streets of the proverty-stricken town were a depressing sight.
|filthy from neglect; dirty; degraded (Cleanliness-Uncleaniness)|
| Squalor (n.)|
People do a great deal of ashing, vaccuming, and mopping because they do not want to live in squalor.
|filth; degradation; sordidness (Cleanliness-Uncleaniness)|
| Sully (v.)|
The celebrity felt that her name had been sullied by the publicity given her son's arrest for speeding.
|tarnish; besmirch; defile (Cleanliness-Uncleaniness)|
| Adjacent (adj.)|
Alaska is adjacent to northwestern Canada.
|lying near or next to; bordering; adjoining (Nearness)|
| Approximate (adj.)|
The approximate length of a year is 365 days; its exact length is 365 days, 5 hours, 48 minutes, and 46 seconds.
|nearly correct (ant. exact, precise) (Nearness)|
| Contiguous (adj.)|
England and France are not contiguous; they are separated by the English Channel.
|touching; adjoining (Nearness)|
| Environs (n. pl.)|
Many of the city's former residents now love in its immediate environs.
|districts surrounding a place; suburbs (Nearness)|
| Juxtapose (v.)|
If you juxtapose the two cabinets, you will see that one is slightly taller.
|put side by side; put close together (Nearness)|
| Juxtaposition (n.)|
Soap should not be placed in juxtaposition with foods because it may impart its scent to them.
|close or side-by-side position (Nearness)|
| Propinquity (n.)|
1. Disregarding propinquity, the executive hired a highly recommended stranger rather than his own nephew.
2. There were large shrubs too close to the house and their propinquity added to the dampness indoors.
| 1. kinship (Nearness)|
2. nearness of place; proximity