the realm of atoms and molecules, where objects are smaller than can be detected by optical microscopes
The study of matter and the transformations that it can undergo.
anything that occupies space.
Research dedicated to the discovery of the fundamental workings of nature.
Research dedicated to the development of useful products and processes.
An organized body of knowledge resulting from our observations, common sense, rational thinking, and insights into nature.
is a testable assumption often used to explain an observed phonomenon
a test performed by scientists to increase the conclusiveness of an experimental test
A comprehensive idea that can be used to explain a broad range of phenomena
The quantitative measure of how much matter an object contains.
The gravitational force of attraction between 2 bodies
The quantity of space an object occupies
The capacity to do work
Energy due to motion
a measure of how hot (or cold) something is relative to some standard; specifically, a measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in an object
An instrument used to measure temperature
The lowest possible temperature any substance can have; the temperature at which the atoms of a substance have no kinetic energy: 0 K = -273.15°C.
the energy transferred between objects that are at different temperatures
Matter that has a definite shape and volume
the state of matter that has a definite volume but no definite shape, assuming the shape of its container
a form of matter that does not have a definite volume or shape, always filling the space available to it.
The change in state from a solid to a liquid
the change of state from a liquid to a solid
change from a liquid to a gas at the surface of the liquid
occurs when a liquid changes to a gas below its surface as well as at the surface
The change of state from a gas to a liquid
the ratio of mass to volume, or mass divided by volume