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latitude

parallel lines that are imaginary. They are measured in degrees north or south of the equator. They run east and west

equator

an imaginary lline that circles Earth halfway between the poles. It is at 0 degrees latitude.

prime meridian

line of the global grid running from the North Pole to the South Pole. It is the starting point for measuring degrees of east and west longitude

longitude

imaginary lines that run from pole to pole. They are measured in degrees east or west of the prime meridian

Hemisphere

When divided st the equator there is northern & southern. When divided at the prime meridian, there is eastern & western

Continent

Huge land mass; on earth there are 7

Oceans

A huge body of water

Parallel

One of the many lines of the global grid that circles the earth north or south of the equator. They are measured degrees of latitude

Meridian

One of the many lines on the global grid running from the north pole to the south pole used to measure degrees of longitude

Cardinal directions

The basic directions of the earth; north, south, east, & west

Political map

This map shows human made geographical divisions of countries or regions

Physical map

This map shows physical features of an area such as mountains and rivers

Gulf

Large part of an ocean that extends into the land; usually larger than a bay

Delta

Triangular shaped area of small islands of sediment that usually divide a river into smaller parts at the mouth.

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